Why was the Red Army successful against the Japanese in 1939 but perform poorly against Finland 1939-40 and early part of WW2?

Why was the Red Army so successful ww2?

The Red Army provided the largest land force in the Allied victory in the European theatre of World War II, and its invasion of Manchuria assisted the unconditional surrender of Imperial Japan.

How did Finland win the Winter War?

Finland achieved full sovereignty in May 1918 after a four-month civil war in which the conservative Whites defeated the socialist Reds with the help of the Imperial German Army, pro-German Jägers, and some Swedish troops, in addition to the expulsion of Bolshevik troops.

What did Finland lost in ww2?

Around 100,000 people lost their homes, adding to the burden of post-war reconstruction. The actual loss of life, however, was relatively light. Finland lost approximately 1,000 troops and Germany about 2,000. The Finnish army expelled the last of the foreign troops from their soil in April 1945.

Why did the Soviet Union invade Finland in 1939?

Finland believed the Soviet Union wanted to expand into its territory and the Soviet Union feared Finland would allow itself to be used as a base from which enemies could attack. Finland declared itself neutral at the start of the Second World War, but the Soviet Union demanded concessions.

Who did the Red Army fight against?

Russian Civil War, (1918–20), conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government led by Vladimir I. Lenin against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies.

Was the Red Army good?

The Red Army did attain numerical superiority on the Eastern Front. Slowly and at great cost, drawing on a smaller available population than that of the United States, it was able to gain a 2:1 advantage over the Axis by 1943 and a 4:1 edge in 1945.

Why were the Finns so successful in the Winter War?

The Finns proved singularly adept at leveraging their homeland’s harsh environmental conditions and geography in the course of their struggle for national survival. Finnish troops were nearly all highly experienced skiers and possessed a degree of mobility Soviet soldiers could not match.

Who won Winter War?

The Soviets

The Soviets had won the Winter War and, in the subsequent Treaty of Moscow, took much more than what they had demanded originally. Finland had to cede Viipuri and the northern port of Petsamo, as well as the entire Karelian isthmus. All told, Finland lost some 11 percent of its original territory.

When did Finland fight Russia?

November 30, 1939

Russo-Finnish War, also called Winter War, (November 30, 1939–March 12, 1940), war waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the beginning of World War II, following the conclusion of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (August 23, 1939).

What did the Red Army do?

The Red Army was the military force of the Bolshevik regime and the Soviet republic. It was formed in 1918 to defend the new regime during the Russian Civil War.

What happened to the Red Army?

Red Army, Russian Krasnaya Armiya, Soviet army created by the Communist government after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The name Red Army was abandoned in 1946.

Why was the Red Army created?

The Red Army was a paradoxical force created by a party deeply suspicious of regular armies. It had many problems and flaws, but its creation was a prerequisite to the Bolshevik victory in the Civil War. This had repercussions for the Soviet state, the Communist Party and the army itself.

Could the Finns have won the Winter War?

In a true sense, the Finns had won. They had notched one of the great defensive stands of military history, alongside Thermopylae, Masada and the Alamo. And the Finns were allowed to keep their army. They would live to fight another day.

How did the Finns defeat the Russians?

Elsewhere on the frontier, Finnish ski troops used the rugged landscape to conduct hit-and-run attacks on isolated Soviet units. Their guerilla tactics were only aided by the freezing Finnish winter, which bogged the Soviets down and made their soldiers easy to spot against snowy terrain.

Who invaded Russia in the winter and failed?

On June 24, 1812, the Grande Armée, led by French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, crossed the Neman River, invading Russia from present-day Poland. The result was a disaster for the French. The Russian army refused to engage with Napoleon’s Grande Armée of more than 500,000 European troops.

Was there ever a successful invasion of Russia?

On June 22, 1941, over 3 million German troops invade Russia in three parallel offensives, in what is the most powerful invasion force in history.

Why is Russian winter so harsh?

The most well known feature of the Russian climate is its very cold winter, brought about by the country’s high latitudes (40-75°N), vast land mass and lack of any topographic obstructions to protect it from arctic winds sweeping across its long, north-facing and often frozen coastline.

Has there ever been a successful invasion of Russia?

Russo-Crimean Wars (1570–1572), an Ottoman invasion that penetrated Russia and destroyed Moscow.

Has the US Army ever lost a war?

The sudden fall of Afghanistan marks the very first time that the U.S. military has clearly lost a war fought solely by volunteers. This defeat will have many strategic consequences, but it also may have a deeply corrosive effect on the nation’s all-volunteer military.

Has the US ever been invaded?

The country has been physically invaded a few times – once during the War of 1812, once during the Mexican–American War, several times during the Mexican Border War, and three times during World War II, two of which were air attacks on American soil.

How many times has Russia been invaded in its history?

Flanked by Europe and Asia, Russia has experienced three major invasions in its history: by the Mongols in the 13th century, Napoleon in 1812, and Hitler in 1941. “In Russia, survival of the state itself has been a primary concern historically,” Carleton says. War permeates the broader culture, he says.

Who defeated Russia?

Japan won a convincing victory over Russia, becoming the first Asian power in modern times to defeat a European power.

How many wars did U.S. lose?

five major wars

US lost five major wars after 1945



The US had won almost all the major wars it fought before 1945.

How did Russia lose to Japan?

The Japanese won the war, and the Russians lost. The war happened because the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan disagreed over who should get parts of Manchuria and Korea. The war was fought mostly on the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden, the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea.

Did Japan invade Russia?

After negotiations broke down in 1904, the Imperial Japanese Navy opened hostilities in a surprise attack on the Russian Eastern Fleet at Port Arthur, China on 9 February [O.S. 27 January] 1904.



Russo-Japanese War.

Date 8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905 (1 year, 6 months and 4 weeks)
Location Manchuria, Yellow Sea, Korea, Sea of Japan

Why does Japan not have an army?

Japan was deprived of any military capability after being defeated by the Allies in World War II and was forced to sign a surrender agreement presented by General Douglas MacArthur in 1945. It was occupied by U.S. forces and only had a minor domestic police force on which to rely for domestic security and crime.

Why did Japan surrender after the atomic bomb?

Japan surrendered because the Soviet Union entered the war. Japanese leaders said the bomb forced them to surrender because it was less embarrassing to say they had been defeated by a miracle weapon. Americans wanted to believe it, and the myth of nuclear weapons was born. Look at the facts.

Who would win a war between Japan and North Korea?

Quote from Youtube video:Government is the number one enemy of north korea the north koreans have a lot of beef with other countries as well the beef between north korea and japan goes back all the way to the korean.

Does Japan dislike North Korea?

According to a 2014 BBC World Service poll, 91% of Japanese people view North Korea’s influence negatively, with just 1% expressing a positive view; the most negative perception of North Korea in the world.

Who protects Japan?

the United States

Article 5 commits the United States to defend Japan if it is attacked by a third party. Article 6 explicitly grants the United States the right to base troops on Japanese soil, subject to a detailed “Administrative Agreement” negotiated separately.