What is the function of a high variety?
High variety gives more flexibility to produce goods and services to match a customer’s requirements.
What is high variety and low variety?
What are the situations in which the high variety and the low variety are used? In diglossic communities, the low variety (“L”) is the language of home, friends and informal interactions. The high variety (“H”) is, however, held in high esteem and rules the sphere of politics, education and translation.
How did the languages that influenced Old English come to play a part in its development?
More entered the language when the Anglo-Saxons were converted to Christianity and Latin-speaking priests became influential. It was also through Irish Christian missionaries that the Latin alphabet was introduced and adapted for the writing of Old English, replacing the earlier runic system.
Which period in the development of the English language is considered the Old English period?
Old English – the earliest form of the English language – was spoken and written in Anglo-Saxon Britain from c. 450 CE until c. 1150 (thus it continued to be used for some decades after the Norman Conquest of 1066).
What is high variety of language?
High, or H, variety came to mean the more formal of the two languages being used. High variety languages are likely to be the language used in schools or corporate settings.
What is standard language in linguistics?
A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage, although occasionally the term refers to the entirety of a language that includes a standardized form as one of its varieties.
What is high and low language prestige varieties?
The term ‘H’ above means High language variety and ‘L’ means Low. languages, which are used in the society. People who want to use the H language should know the function of the language. The H language usually is used in formal situation therefore it is displeasing use the H language in informal situation.
What is language planning in linguistics?
“Language planning refers to deliberate efforts to influence the behavior of others with respect to the acquisition, structure, or functional allocation of their language codes” (Cooper, 1989, p. 45). It may be undertaken with formal, official governmental sanction or reflected in unofficial and informal practices.
What is linguistic bilingualism?
Bilingualism (multilingualism) refers to the coexistence of more than one language system within an individual, as contrasted to monolingualism.
Why does every language have a standard dialect?
Standard languages arise when a certain dialect begins to be used in written form, normally throughout a broader area than that of the dialect itself. The ways in which this language is used—e.g., in administrative matters, literature, and economic life—lead to the minimization of linguistic variation.
How are languages standardized?
A language should be standardized to get its formality. The processes of language standardization are: selection, codification, elaboration of function, and acceptance.
Why is standard language important?
Standard language is important because it represents a distinction within a language that can indicate social class or upbringing.
What makes language prestige?
Different languages and dialects are accorded prestige based upon factors, including “rich literary heritage, high degree of language modernization, considerable international standing, or the prestige of its speakers“.
Why do some dialects have more prestige than others?
Various forms of language, such as accents, dialects, gender varieties, and even multilingualism, are seen as more prestigious than others completely because of the people who speak them.
Why language has a greater prestige than dialects and non standard varieties explain and provide example?
Languages are afforded more prestige than a dialect because they are given a title, a nation and a canon of literature that give it its elite status. But is a dialect not a language? Dialects can be defined as different varieties of the same language that have evolved over time and in different geographical locations.
Why a language is larger than a dialect?
Dialect is a specific kind of language spoken by a defined group or region. So you see that language is a broader term, and dialect comes under its shade. Language plays the role of a parent, and different dialects are stemming from it.
What is differences between languages dialects and varieties?
Dialect of a language correlates with such social factors such as socio-economic status, age, occupation of the speakers. Dialect is a variety of a particular language which is used by a particular group of speakers that is signaled by systematic markers such as syntactical, phonological, grammatical markers.
What is the difference between language and dialects?
Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. Dialect is a particular form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
How are languages different?
Languages differ from each other in various respects, e.g., in their sentence structure (syntax), word structure (morphology), sound structure (phonology) and vocabulary (lexicon). However the extent and limits of variation are a challenging puzzle.
What is language characteristics of language?
Characteristics of Language
Let us know the characteristics of the language in brief: language is arbitrary, productive, creative, symbolic, systematic, vocalic, social, non-instinctive, and conventional; language is a system of communication, and language is human structurally complex, and modifiable.
Why is it sometimes difficult to distinguish between a language and a dialect?
Why is it difficult to distinguish individual languages from dialects? It is difficult to distinguish individual languages from dialects because people choose to believe that their languages are distinct, and won’t connect their language to its family.
Is English mutually intelligible with any language?
No language in the world is mutually intelligible with English, English vocabulary is 60% romance mainly from French and Latin and English grammar is a mix of everything and English phonology and sounds have been affected by old French, Norman French, old Norse, Native American languages, Arabic, Greek etc to the point …
Why would English be the most spoken second language in Europe?
Its not even because of the number of foreign-language speakers. The reason is because a decent number of people already understand it in most countries of the world, more so than with other world languages like Spanish and Mandarin.
Why is that nearly 90% of Spanish and Portuguese speakers live outside of Europe?
Nearly 90% of Spanish & Portuguese speakers live outside of Europe because of the colonial activities of their European speakers. (Spanish and Portuguese explorers sailed to the Americas in the 1400s, claiming foreign lands for their home countries and diffusing their language throughout their conquered lands.)
What is the name of the theoretical common ancestral language of all languages discussed in this key issue of the chapter why is its existence difficult impossible to prove?
What the name of the (theoretical) common ancestral language discussed in this key issue of the chapter? Proto-Indo-European language. Why is its existence difficult (impossible) to prove?
Why does Asia have few dying languages?
1: Asia has 60 percent of the world’s population but only 20 percent of the world’s dying languages. Why might Asia’s large population centers have relatively few dying languages? Because the effects of globalization may not have diffused fully to these areas, allowing for a diversity of languages.
What is the standard language for of English and where did it come from?
The Standard English language is British Received Pronunciation (BRP). It came from London, Cambridge, and Oxford. It spread through hierarchical diffusion in the upper-class of English society. Grammar books and dictionaries were printed using Received Pronunciation in 1476 when the printing press was introduced.
Why is English the most common language?
Some of the reasons for the English Language’s popularity today include: The rise of the British Empire and The United States, developments within the science and technology industries, and the fact the English Language is gender free, among a number of other reasons.
Why is English the universal language?
One of the main reasons behind this is that the English language has a comparatively simple grammar, as it has simpler plurals, a more straightforward verb conjugation, it is mostly gender-neutral, as well as other factors. The English vocabulary is also easy to pick up. This adds to its worldwide popularity.