Why did the Portuguese permit an Italian commercial agent to accompany Vasco da Gama on the 4th Portuguese India Armada?

What year Portugal was able to establish a commercial post in Cochin a port southwest of Indian?

After sailing down the western coast of Africa and rounding the Cape of Good Hope, his expedition made numerous stops in Africa before reaching the trading post of Calicut, India, in May 1498.

Why did the sailors from Portugal to Kannur?

Explanation: Vasco da Gama on his way back to Lisbon visited Cannanore(Kannur) and started a friendly relationship with the king of Kolathunadu. Being dissatisfied with the unfriendly treatment of the Zamorin of Calicut, the Portuguese were happy to have trade engagement with the Kolathiri Raja.

Which Portuguese came after Vasco da Gama?

Cabral’s instructions were to succeed where Gama had failed, and to this end was entrusted with magnificent gifts to present to the Zamorin. Cabral was under orders to establish a feitoria (factory) in Calicut, which would be placed under Aires Correia.

Who attacked Vasco da Gama?

A misunderstanding arose between them, and fearing attack, the Khoikhoi threw spears, wounding Da Gama in the thigh. In the teeth of a gale, the Portuguese squadron rounded the Cape on 22 November, and three days later, the battered ships sailed into Santa Bras (Mossel Bay), sighting islands thick with noisy birds.

How did the Portuguese establish footholds and trade on Africa’s coasts?

How did the Portuguese establish footholds and trade on Africa’s coasts? They established forts and trading posts on the coast and seized key ports around the Indian Ocean. In 1492, Christopher Columbus set sail westward across the Atlantic Ocean to solve a problem of geography.

Why was Portugal the leader in the voyages of exploration?

Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa. In the process, the Portuguese accumulated a wealth of knowledge about navigation and the geography of the Atlantic Ocean.

Why did Vasco da Gama attacked Calicut?

Vasco da Gama. It was Gama’s second trip to India. The fourth of some thirteen Portuguese India Armadas, it was designed as a punitive expedition, targeting Calicut, to avenge the travails of the 2nd Armada and the massacre of the Portuguese factory in 1500. A feeling of vengeance drove the expedition.

Why is Vasco da Gama famous?

Vasco da Gama was best known for being the first to sail from Europe to India by rounding Africa’s Cape of Good Hope. Over the course of two voyages, beginning in 1497 and 1502, da Gama landed and traded in locales along the coast of southern Africa before reaching India on May 20, 1498.

When did Vasco da Gama reached Calicut?

May 20, 1498

On May 20, 1498, sailing for the Portuguese crown, Vasco da Gama reached Calicut, India. Having successfully sailed around the southern tip of Africa, da Gama had pioneered a sea route from Europe to Asia that bypassed the Muslim nations that controlled the overland spice trade.

How did Portugal benefit from the voyage of Vasco da Gama?

His discovery of this sea route helped the Portuguese establish a long-lasting colonial empire in Asia and Africa. The new ocean route around Africa allowed Portuguese sailors to avoid the Arab trading hold in the Mediterranean and Middle East. Better access to the Indian spice routes boosted Portugal’s economy.

Why did the Portuguese take the lead in exploring the African coast?

Access to commodities such as fabrics, spices, and gold motivated a European quest for a faster means to reach South Asia. It was this search that led the Portuguese down the coast of West Africa to Sierra Leone in 1460.

Why did the Portuguese want to explore the world?

Portugal was the first country to explore the boundaries of the known world. The country’s rulers wanted to find a new route to China and India. Also, they hoped to find a more direct way to get West African gold.

What was the role of Columbus and Vasco da Gama in geographical exploration?

Columbus made more voyages and discovered the landmass of South America, Cuba, and Haiti. It may be noted here, that Columbus did not discover the mainland of America. 2. Vasco da Gama: He was a Portuguese sailor, who discovered the sea route to India.

What do you know about Vasco da Gama?

Vasco da Gama (c.

Vasco da Gama was born in about 1460 into a noble family. Little is known of his early life. In 1497, he was appointed to command an expedition equipped by the Portuguese government, whose intention was to find a maritime route to the East.

What discovered Vasco da Gama?

He is often credited for discovering the sea route from western Europe to the East by way of the Cape of Good Hope. On May 20, 1498, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama stepped foot in India. After two years he set sail from Lisbon, da Gama arrived on the Western sea coast of India at Kozhikode (Calicut), Kerala.

How did Vasco da Gama died?

Vasco da Gama immediately invoked his high viceregent powers to impose a new order in Portuguese India, replacing all the old officials with his own appointments. But Gama contracted malaria not long after arriving, and died in the city of Cochin on Christmas Eve in 1524, three months after his arrival.

What places did Vasco da Gama discover?

Christopher Columbus’ unsuccessful search for a western maritime route to India resulted in the “discovery” of the Americas in 1492, but it was Vasco da Gama who ultimately established the Carreira da India, or India Route, when he sailed around Africa and into the Indian Ocean, landing at Calicut (modern Kozhikode), …

In which year Vasco da Gama the Portuguese explorer discovered the sea route to India *?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

What is the reason for discovering sea route to India?

Europeans had to pay money to the people of the region from where their trade goods were transported. This led to a very high prices of spice in Europe. So they desperately needed to find a new sea route to minimize this cost. Portuguese were the first to find a sea route to India.

Was Vasco da Gama a good person?

Vasco de Gama was famous for his personality, being described as violent, rude and relentless. Coming from a poor family, he had an inferiority problem and so his ambitions were to achieve great social status and fortune.

Why did Vasco da Gama exploring sea route for Indian subcontinent?

The goods from India and the Orient were in massive demand in Europe. Spices were the huge export element. It is known that an Indian from Kenya helped da Gama with the directions to the subcontinent and also informed him about the monsoons.

What was the significance of the Portuguese finding a sea route to India?

Gama’s voyage was significant and paved the way for the Portuguese to establish a long-lasting colonial empire in Asia. The route meant that the Portuguese would not need to cross the highly disputed Mediterranean, or the dangerous Arabian Peninsula, and that the entire voyage would be made by sea.

Why did Portugal want a sea route to Asia?

Spain and Portugal wanted to find a sea route to Asia because Portugal did not share trade routes with Asia and Europe (no Meditteranean Ports), Spain wanted to Spread Christianity, and both countries wanted to find more trade.

Why did the Portuguese came to India?

The Portuguese came to India with the aim of establishing a monopoly over the spice trade. At the time the spice trade was dominated by the Ottoman Turks and the Arabs.

When did Vasco da Gama came to India UPSC?

On 20th May 1498, two years after he set sail from Lisbon, Portugal, Vasco da Gama arrived on the Western sea coast of India at Kozhikode (Calicut), Kerala. This was the first time that a European had arrived in India via the sea. Thus, da Gama is credited with the discovery of the sea route to India.

What were the reasons for the supremacy of the Portuguese in India during the 16th century?

Answer: In India, Portugal established her trading settlements at Cochin, Goa, Diu, and Daman. From the beginning, the Portuguese combined the use of force with trade and they were helped by the superiority of their armed ships which enabled them to dominate the seas.

What did the Portuguese bring to India?

Vindaloo, sorpotel, sweet Goan wine… Yes, the Portuguese brought all these to India.

Why did the Portuguese colonizers lose control over India?

Among the many reasons for the decline of Portuguese power in India include Portugal being too small a country to maintain the huge burden of a trading colony located in a far off land, their image as notorious sea pirates created enmity in the minds of the native rulers and last but not the least Portuguese rigid …

What did the Portuguese do in India?

For almost a century (1500–1600), the Portuguese held a monopoly on European exploration and trade in the Indian Ocean. Portuguese interests on the west coast of India were largely determined by sailing conditions, and in Goa they found a defensible island site with excellent harbour facilities on either side.

Why did the Portuguese finally decide to leave India?

Answer: because they had no money after 2nd world war .

How did the Portuguese establish their trading Centres In India?

Vasco da Gama came to India for the second time in 1501 with 20 ships and founded a trading centre at Cannanore. One after another, they established factories at Calicut and Cochin. King Zamorin attacked the Portuguese in Cochin but was defeated. Cochin was the first capital of the Portuguese East India Company.

How did the Portuguese rule come to an end?

Answer. The Governor of Portuguese India signed the Instrument of Surrender on 19 December 1961, ending 450 years of Portuguese rule in India.