Why did the Indian National Congress fail to convince Indian minorities to support united India

What was the reason behind the partition of India in 1947 AD?

Partition of India

Prevailing religions of the British Indian Empire (1901)
Date 15 August 1947
Location Indian Subcontinent
Cause Indian Independence Act 1947
Outcome Partition of British Indian Empire into two independent Dominions, India and Pakistan, sectarian violence, religious cleansing and refugee crises

What was the reason for the Indian National Congress?

Retired British Indian Civil Service (ICS) officer Allan Octavian Hume founded the Indian National Congress in order to form a platform for civil and political dialogue among educated Indians.

Who opposed the partition of India?

Khudai Khidmatgar leader Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Mahatma Gandhi, both belonging to the Indian National Congress, strongly opposed the partition of India, citing the fact that both Muslims and Hindus lived together peacefully for centuries and shared a common history in the country.

Who Divided India from Pakistan?

In August 1947, the British decided to end their 200-year long rule in the Indian subcontinent and to divide it into two separate nations, Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India.

Why was India divided into two different countries when it won independence from Britain?

As the country was split divided by religion, Muslims moved into the new land of Pakistan and Hindu and Sikhs to India. The need for a partition of the new country came about as Hindus and Muslims in India were deeply divided and unwilling to coexist in the same nation.

What happened as a result of the partition of India?

The partition created the independent nations of Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India, separating the provinces of Bengal and Punjab along religious lines, despite the fact that Muslims and Hindus lived in mixed communities throughout the area, Satia said.

Why was the Indian National Congress formed quizlet?

In 1885, a small group of Indians met in Mumbai to form the Indian National Congress(INC). The goal of INC was to seek independence for all Indians, regardless of class or religious background.

How did India gain independence?

India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947, after many decades of struggle. Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, joined the fight in 1914 and led the country to independence, using his method of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.

What was the attitude of the Indian National Congress towards the Second World War?

World War – II broke out in 1939. The Congress refused to let the government use Indian men, money and material in the war. They could be used only on the condition of granting the right of self-determination to the Indians. But the government refused to accept this and the Congress ministries resigned.

Why was India split into two countries?


The british viceroy announced that india would gain independence by august. And be partitioned into hindu india and muslim pakistan.

What was India called before the partition?

Before India and Pakistan’s partition, the two countries existed in the Indian Subcontinent. The Subcontinent was called British India, and it was Britain’s protectorate being ruled by the British East India Company. It was under the British crown’s rule.

What are the causes of partition of India Class 12?

Why partition took place –

  • Mr. …
  • The British policy of divide and rule.
  • Separate electorates for Muslims, created by the colonial government in 1909 and expanded in 1919, crucially shaped the nature of communal politics.
  • Hindu Muslim conflict and communal riots in different parts of the country.

What significance did 1916 have for the Indian National Congress quizlet?

31, 1916. The meeting at Lucknow marked the reunion of the moderate and radical wings of the Congress. The pact dealt both with the structure of the government of India and with the relation of the Hindu and Muslim communities.

What is the Indian National Congress quizlet?

Indian National Congress. A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K.

What was the goal of the Indian National Congress in the early 1900s quizlet?

What was the goal of the Indian National Congress in the early 1900s? The goal of the Indian National Congress was to suggest changes in the British Government.

What did the growing Indian distrust of the British lead to in 1857?

To rule India, the British East India Company hired its own soldiers, including sepoys, and built forts. The Sepoy Mutiny (cont.) In 1857, a growing distrust of the British and rumor that the rifle cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat led to a rebellion of the Indian sepoys.

What rebellion was essential for creating a sense of national identity and nationalism in the Indian sub continent?

Swadeshi. The controversial 1905 partition of Bengal escalated the growing unrest, stimulating radical nationalist sentiments and becoming a driving force for Indian revolutionaries.

How did World War I impact Indian nationalism?

During the war Home Rule Leagues were established, calling for self-government and dominion status for India. The movement gave a boost to Indian nationalism, especially after the Indian National Congress adopted Home Rule as a political goal.

What were the reasons for India supporting Britain in the First World War?

When war was declared on August 4th, India rallied to the cause. Those with influence within India believed that the cause of Indian independence would best be served by helping out Britain in whatever capacity India could – including the Indian National Congress.

Why did India’s desire for independence increased following world war?

Why did India’s desire for independence increase following World War II? It felt that its service in the war effort should grant it independence. Israel launched a preemptive strike during which conflict?

Why did the Home Rule movement fail?

The leagues did not find a lot of support among Muslims, Anglo-Indians and non-Brahmins from Southern India as they thought home rule would mean a rule of the upper caste Hindu majority. Many of the moderates were satisfied with the government’s assurance of reforms (as preluded in the Montague Declaration).

What were the reasons that led to a decline of the Home Rule Movement in 1919?

Decline and Eventual Failure of the Movement



The home rule leagues were not able to gather a lot of support from the Muslims. Additionally, Anglo-Indians and non-Brahmins did not support the movement because they thought that the movement was for highly educated Indians.

What does home rule Class 8 mean?

Home rule is government of a dependent country, or region by its own citizens. Home rule was first demanded in the late nineteenth century, by the Irish leaders for creation of an Irish parliament within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

What was the main aim of Home Rule Movement?

The primary objective of the Home Rule Movement was to achieve self-government within the British Empire through the use of constitutional means. That is, it aimed at the establishment of a government by Councils, whose members would be elected by the people of India.

Who setup Poona Home Rule League?

nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Home Rule League, either of two short-lived organizations of the same name in India established in April and September 1916, respectively, by Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak and British social reformer and Indian independence leader Annie Besant.

Which of the following factor resulted in popular support for Home Rule League?

The correct answer is Self Government. The Home Rule League is launched by Tilak in April 1916 and by Annie Besant in September 1916.

Who started Swadeshi movement?

Swadeshi Movement has been characterized as cloth production in India. 1850–1904: Dadabhai Naoroji, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Ganesh Vyankatesh Joshi, and Bhaswat K. Nigoni began organizing to promote Indian nationalism (the First Swadeshi Movement).

Why did Gandhiji consider the non cooperation movement a failure?

Though intended to be non-violent, the movement was eventually called off by Gandhi in February 1922 following the Chauri Chaura incident, in which numerous policemen were murdered by a mob at Chauri Chaura, United Provinces.

Was the Swadeshi movement successful?

Success: 1. The Swadeshi and Boycott Movements were India’s first 20th century movements that encouraged mass participation in modern nationalist politics by a large section of society.

What is the other name of Swadeshi movement?

Make in India

The Swadeshi Movement, now known as ‘Make in India‘ campaign was officially proclaimed on August 7, 1905 at the Calcutta Town Hall, in Bengal. Boycott movement was also launched along with the Swadeshi movement. The movements included using goods produced in India and burning British-made goods..

What is Swadeshi movement Class 8?

Swadeshi movement emerged as a reaction to the partition of Bengal in 1905. It stressed on using swadeshi goods and boycotting foreign goods of all kinds and materials. People were encouraged to wear khadi clothes. The aim of the movement was to give impetus to indigenous industries.

What do you understand by the term Swadeshi movement Class 8?

Definition of swadeshi



: a movement for national independence in India boycotting foreign goods and encouraging the use of domestic products — compare khaddar, swaraj.