Why can’t people on the back of the phalanx “reorient” their shield?

What did people at the back of a phalanx do?

Detailed Answer: The rear and sides were lightly or undefended. If you could flank or out maneuver a phalanx and force it to fight on two sides, that was one way to win and win quickly. The Phalanx was designed to fight with the enemy in the front.

How many people make up a phalanx?

The typical phalanx was eight men deep, that is, eight rows of men, and any number of men wide. There are instances of both less and greater ranks of men in various battles though. The hoplite’s main weapon was a spear (600074) between seven to nine feet long.

Did phalanxes push?

The early history of the phalanx is largely one of combat between hoplite armies from competing Greek city-states. The usual result was rather identical, inflexible formations pushing against each other until one broke.

What is the phalanx position?

phalanx, in military science, tactical formation consisting of a block of heavily armed infantry standing shoulder to shoulder in files several ranks deep. Fully developed by the ancient Greeks, it survived in modified form into the gunpowder era and is viewed today as the beginning of European military development.

How did legions defeat phalanx?

At the Battle of Cynocephalae in 197 BCE, the Romans defeated the Greek phalanx easily because the Greeks had failed to guard the flanks of their phalanx and, further, the Greek commanders could not turn the mass of men who comprised the phalanxes quickly enough to counter the strategies of the Roman army and, after …

Did the Spartans use the phalanx?

Spartan Military Innovations. The hoplite phalanx, however, consisted of specially-armed infantry. They all wore bronze body armor, helmets, bronze shin guards, and all carried shields.

How do you fight in the phalanx?

You should be able to shred through the Hoplites and start doing some real damage on Phalanx. Be sure to hit the Hoplites behind their shields to do extra damage to them. Once Phalanx has no Hoplites protecting him, he is vulnerable. Run up and attack to finish the job and defeat your first real demon.

Did Alexander use the phalanx?

The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: Μακεδονική φάλαγξ) was an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and defeat armies of other kingdoms.

Why was the phalanx formation so effective?

One of the primary reasons for its success on the battlefield was the Phalanx formation. The Greek army was dominated by the hoplite which formed the basis of their infantry divisions. When engaging in battle, the phalanx would form a tight defence and advance towards the enemy.

How big was a Spartan phalanx?

The most common was the “close-order” phalanx. In this formation, hoplites stood 45 cm apart (around 1.5 feet), with their shields overlapping.

How much did a Spartan shield weight?

The aspis measured at least 0.9 metres (2 ft 11 in) in diameter and weighed about 7.3 kilograms (16 lb), and it was about 25–38 millimetres (0.98–1.50 in) thick. This large shield was made possible partly by its shape, which allowed it to be supported comfortably on the shoulder.

How long was the Dory spear?

7 to 9 feet

“The primary weapon of the hoplite, the dory spear was 7 to 9 feet in length, weighing 2 to 4 pounds, having a two inch diameter wooden handle, and tipped with an iron spearhead on one end and another iron tip on the other.

How were the soldiers in a phalanx usually equipped?

The earliest known depiction of a phalanx-like formation occurs in a Sumerian stele from the 25th century BC. Here the troops seem to have been equipped with spears, helmets, and large shields covering the whole body.

Did medieval armies use phalanx?

Thus, phalanxes of pikemen were utilized to screen the reloading musketeers. These formations became known as “Pike and Shot”, for obvious reasons. The most successful of the Pike and Shot formations was the Spanish Tercio.

How did Romans beat Macedonian phalanx?

The Roman victory was achieved through the initiative of a tribune, whose name is unknown. He abandoned his part and attacked the rear of the Macedonian right wing, taking twenty maniples. This was the first time Roman legions were victorious over a Macedonian phalanx.

What was the phalanx weakness?

The major weakness of the phalanx is that it had little to no protection on its sides and rear. Since men were marching forward, and everyone’s spears were pointed in the same forward direction, hoplites were pretty much defenseless on the flanks and rear.

What did Roman soldiers get when they retire?

The legionary’s last five years of service were on lighter duties. Once retired, a Roman legionary received a parcel of land or its equivalent in money and often became a prominent member of society.

How was the Roman legion different from a Greek phalanx?

The Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined as one giant unit. The Romans, however, pioneered small-unit tactics, and organized their armies into smaller formations capable of acting independently of the rest of the army.

Did the Spartans beat the Romans?

The Laconian War of 195 BC was fought between the Greek city-state of Sparta and a coalition composed of Rome, the Achaean League, Pergamum, Rhodes, and Macedon.



War against Nabis.

Date 195 BC
Location Laconia and Argolid
Result Victory of the anti-Spartan coalition

Why was the Roman legion superior to the phalanx?

But it was more so the case with a sarissa phalanx where all phalanges needed to be tightly packed for the forest of pikes to have their devastating.

Why was Rome easier to unite than Greece?

Rome was easier to unite than Greece because it had less mountainous terrain.

Why was Italy easier to unite than Greece?

Because of its geography, Italy was much easier to unify than Greece. Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys. In addi- tion, the Apennine Mountains, which run like a backbone down the length of the Italian peninsula, are less rugged than the mountains of Greece.

What is one way the Romans were able to conquer such a large territory?

Rome was able to gain its empire in large part by extending some form of citizenship to many of the people it conquered. Military expansion drove economic development, bringing enslaved people and loot back to Rome, which in turn transformed the city of Rome and Roman culture.

How did power pass from one emperor to the next?

How did power pass from one emperor to the next? It always passed from father to eldest son.

Was there ever a female Roman emperor?

14), Rome’s first emperor, Livia was one of the most powerful women during the early years of the Roman Empire. Though the couple did not produce an heir, Livia held a significant personal freedom,and was one of the most influential women Rome would ever see, according to Ball.

Who would be Roman emperor today?

The first would be Napoleon Bonaparte. He declared himself “Emperor of the French” and by conquest, took over much of the former Holy Roman Empire. Napoleon was disposed of, but house Bonaparte still exists. The current head of the house is 34-year-old Jean-Christophe, Prince Napoléon.

Who was the most loved Roman emperor?

5 of Rome’s Greatest Emperors

  • Augustus.
  • Trajan 98 – 117 AD. Marcus Ulpius Trajanus (53 –117 AD) is one of consecutive Five Good Emperors, three of whom are listed here. …
  • Hadrian 117 – 138 AD. …
  • Marcus Aurelius 161 – 180 AD. …
  • Aurelian 270 – 275 AD.


Who was worst Roman emperor?

Nero (Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) (27–68 CE)



Nero is perhaps the best known of the worst emperors, having allowed his wife and mother to rule for him and then stepping out from their shadows and ultimately having them, and others, murdered.

What was the average height in ancient Rome?

The average height was between 5′ and 5.5 ft tall based on skeletal remains and written history. Eastern Rome (Constantine’s Post Italian Rome) was 5’4″-5’7″ The original Roman had a wheat bread based diet, lack of protein kept heights low. Reasons: Land was over-hunted.

Who was the youngest Roman emperor?

However, the confusion surrounding Gordian’s death was not the only notable moment of his reign; on the 22nd April 238, Gordian became the youngest emperor to obtain sole control of the Roman Empire aged just 13.

Which Roman emperor declared himself God?

To many Romans, the reign of Augustus marked the point at which Rome had rediscovered its true calling. They believed that, under his rule and with his dynasty, they had the leadership to get there. At his death, Augustus, the ‘son of a god’, was himself declared a god. His strategy had worked.

Who was emperor when Jesus died?

emperor Tiberius

Pontius Pilate, Latin in full Marcus Pontius Pilatus, (died after 36 ce), Roman prefect (governor) of Judaea (26–36 ce) under the emperor Tiberius who presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion.