When did the last Terra Nullius vanish from the earth?

Was New Zealand a terra nullius?

In 1840, the newly appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, Captain William Hobson of the Royal Navy, following instructions from the British government, declared the Middle Island of New Zealand (later known as the “South Island”) as terra nullius, and therefore fit for occupation by European settlers.

What is the opposite of terra nullius?

“Where there is no higher authority, as in a world composed only of nation states, the state has to be judge and jury in its own cause.”
What is the opposite of terra nullius?

claimed land owned land
somebody’s land occupied land

Where is terra nullius?


Terra nullius—meaning land belonging to no-one—was the legal concept used by the British government to justify the settlement of Australia.

What does the Latin term terra nullius mean?

nobody’s land

Terra nullius means “nobody’s land“. This doctrine has existed in the law of nations throughout the development of Western democracy. The fact that it is a Latin phrase gives us the clue that it is derived from Roman law – the concept that ownership by seizure of a thing no one owns is legitimate.

How was terra nullius overturned?

The High Court’s Mabo judgment in 1992 overturned the terra nullius fiction. In the same judgment, however, the High Court accepted the British assertion of sovereignty in 1788, and held that from that time there was only one sovereign power and one system of law in Australia.

Did the Māori defeat the British?

The colonial government summoned thousands of British troops to mount major campaigns to overpower the Kīngitanga (Māori King) movement and also acquire farming and residential land for British settlers.
New Zealand Wars.

Date 1843–1872
Result Loss of Māori land, retreat of Kingitanga to King Country

Why did the British call Australia terra nullius?

Possession of Australia was declared on the basis of unilateral possession. The land was defined as terra nullius, or wasteland, because Cook and Banks considered there were few ‘natives’ along the coast. They apparently deduced that there would be fewer or none inland.

Who created terra nullius?

Governor Richard Bourke

The Proclamation of NSW Governor Richard Bourke in 1835 implemented the legal principle of terra nullius in Australian law as the basis for British settlement. This was 47 years after the arrival of the First Fleet.

Is Antarctica terra nullius?

Officially, Antarctica is not ruled by anybody; the entire continent is terra nullius: land that belongs to noone. After the Moon, it is the largest terra nullius area that men have walked on.

Did Māori fight each other?

Māori warfare traditionally involved hand-to-hand combat, with weapons designed to kill. Reasons for war could be practical, such as for land or resources, but could also be to increase mana or as revenge for insults.

How many Māori were killed in the Waikato war?

Cowan put the total war’s dead at an estimated 2990 people, comprising 736 British and Colonial troops, as against 2254 Māori.

Did NZ fight in ww2?

A total of about 105,000 men and women from New Zealand served overseas during the Second World War. Of those nearly 7000 died on active Army service and a total of over 11,000 in all services. Nearly 16,000 were wounded as well.

How did aboriginals get to Australia?

Aboriginal origins

Humans are thought to have migrated to Northern Australia from Asia using primitive boats. A current theory holds that those early migrants themselves came out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, which would make Aboriginal Australians the oldest population of humans living outside Africa.

What is the Aboriginal name for Australia?

Local Indigenous Australian peoples named all of Australia in their languages before the invasion. Uluru is the Aboriginal name for this significant site in Central Australia which should be respected and recognised. This recognition of Indigenous Australia is fundamental to social justice.

Did Cook say terra nullius?

Terra nullius is often ascribed to Cook, but both Ms Page and Dr Blyth have found no record of this. Not only did Cook write about the Indigenous inhabitants of Australia, Ms Page said he disputed William Dampier’s view that Australian Aboriginal people were the ‘miserabalist people in the world’.

Who named Australia?

explorer Matthew Flinders

It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.

Was Captain James Cook a pirate?

James Cook was a British naval captain, navigator, and explorer who sailed the seaways and coasts of Canada and conducted three expeditions to the Pacific Ocean (1768–71, 1772–75, and 1776–79), ranging from the Antarctic ice fields to the Bering Strait and from the coasts of North America to Australia and New Zealand.

Who discovered Australia in 1770?

James Cook

James Cook was the first recorded explorer to land on the east coast in 1770. He had with him maps showing the north, west and south coasts based on the earlier Dutch exploration.

Was Australia discovered before New Zealand?

Early history

Australia and New Zealand had quite separate indigenous histories, settled at different times by very different peoples – Australia from Indonesia or New Guinea around 50,000 years ago, New Zealand from islands in the tropical Pacific around 1250–1300 CE.

Did the Chinese discover Australia?

The Chinese discovery of Australia

Menzies describes the discovery of Australia by two fleets. Admiral Hong Bao’s fleet sailed to the southwest tip of Australia via the southern tip of South America and the Indian Ocean Islands of Heard and Kerguelen.

Did Vikings visit Australia?

The announcement of a Viking trade station in Western Australia came as a surprise to many, but the spoof was quickly seen through by most. This story, while conceived of as a hoax, fits within a genre of pseudoarchaeology that claims that the Vikings, the Phoenicians and even the Aztecs found Australia.

Who was the first Chinese person to come to Australia?

Mak Sai Ying

The earliest known Chinese immigrant to arrive in Sydney is reported to have been Mak Sai Ying. Born in Guangzhou (Canton) in 1798, he arrived as a free settler in New South Wales in 1818 and purchased land at Parramatta.

Did the Phoenicians sail to Australia?

Others, like Australian amateur archaeologists Rex Gilroy and Val Osborn, believe that Phoenicians visited the shores of Australia and established mining colonies and trading centres, the remains of which are awaiting discovery and excavation at various sites around Australia.

Did Vikings discover America?

Half a millennium before Columbus “discovered” America, those Viking feet may have been the first European ones to ever have touched North American soil. Exploration was a family business for the expedition’s leader, Leif Eriksson (variations of his last name include Erickson, Ericson, Erikson, Ericsson and Eiriksson).

Who is the most famous Viking in history?

Ragnar Lothbrok

Ragnar Lothbrok
Arguably the most famous Viking warrior of them all, not least for his role as the leading protagonist in Vikings, the History Channel’s popular drama.

What did the Vikings call America?


Vinland, Vineland, or Winland (Old Norse: Vínland) was an area of coastal North America explored by Vikings.

Did Christopher Columbus make it to America?

*Columbus didn’t “discover” America — he never set foot in North America. During four separate trips that started with the one in 1492, Columbus landed on various Caribbean islands that are now the Bahamas as well as the island later called Hispaniola.

Who discovered America in 1492?

Explorer Christopher Columbus

Explorer Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) is known for his 1492 ‘discovery’ of the New World of the Americas on board his ship Santa Maria. In actual fact, Columbus did not discover North America.

Who is America named after?

America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, the Italian explorer who set forth the then revolutionary concept that the lands that Christopher Columbus sailed to in 1492 were part of a separate continent.

Who Discovered USA?

The explorer Christopher Columbus made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain: in 1492, 1493, 1498 and 1502. He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but he never did. Instead, he stumbled upon the Americas.

Why do American Speak English?

The use of English in the United States is a result of British colonization of the Americas. The first wave of English-speaking settlers arrived in North America during the early 17th century, followed by further migrations in the 18th and 19th centuries.

What was US called before 1776?

United Colonies

On September 9, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted a new name for what had been called the “United Colonies.” The moniker United States of America has remained since then as a symbol of freedom and independence.