Why did medieval castles have round towers?
Round towers, also called drum towers, are more resistant to siege technology such as sappers and projectiles than square towers. The round front is more resistant than the straight side of a square tower, just as a load-bearing arch. This principle was already understood in antiquity.
What are the round things on a castle?
Its main purpose, like most other components of medieval castle parts, was defence. During the middle medieval times, turrets were usually square shaped but during the late medieval times, circular shaped turrets became more popular because they provided a better line of sight for the archers defending the castle.
What is the purpose of the keep?
Keep’s were built within castles during the Middle Ages and they were used as a refuge or last resort should the rest of the castle fall to enemies.
Why are castles circular?
The most efficient structure is the Round Castle because there are no corners. This provided archers a 360 degree view to shoot anyone from long range and provide a clear view over their land. Round and D-shaped towers, turrets, had many advantages over square or rectangular towers.
How did you enter a stone keep castle?
Gatehouse with Drawbridge– the entrance to the castle which would have been guarded. The drawbridge would have been the only way to enter the castle when it was lowered over the moat.
What is the purpose of towers?
Historically, towers tended to be used for defensive or military purposes, and the term could be used to refer to an entire fortress, such as the Tower of London. The Romanesque and Gothic periods incorporated towers within the design of churches and cathedrals, sometimes with a spire or a flat roof.
What are the holes in castle walls called?
An embrasure is the opening in a battlement between the two raised solid portions, referred to as crenel or crenelle in a space hollowed out throughout the thickness of a wall by the establishment of a bay.
What are the bumps on top of a castle called?
These gaps are termed “crenels” (also known as carnels, or embrasures), and a wall or building with them is called crenellated; alternative (older) terms are castellated and embattled.
What are the arrow holes in castles called?
An arrowslit (often also referred to as an arrow loop, loophole or loop hole, and sometimes a balistraria) is a narrow vertical aperture in a fortification through which an archer can launch arrows or a crossbowman can launch bolts.
Who built Eiffel tower?
The Eiffel Tower was built from 1887 to 1889 by French engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company specialized in building metal frameworks and structures.
How tall is the tallest water tower in the world?
|Coordinates||40.693274°N 74.262046°WCoordinates:40.693274°N 74.262046°W|
|Height||212 ft (65 m)|
What makes the tower stable?
Two rectangular blocks stacked on top of each other horizontally will be much more stable than if you stack the same two blocks end to end vertically. The tower’s stability depends on the ratio of its width to its height.
Why do castle gates open inwards?
It is easier to push gates closed against an enemy than to pull them closed. Doors that open inwards are always under the control of the castle and protected by the stonework. You can barricade the door from the inside with rubble to prevent access. In case of attack, the people closing the door are protected.
Why were castle walls so thick?
The walls were made thicker at the bottom to preclude the possibility of tunneling from the enemy. During the early medieval times, wood and heavy timbers called Palisades were also used for the construction of medieval castle walls.
What is the strongest part of a castle called?
Discover the might of the castle gatehouse, the strongest and most defensive part of any castle.
What is the weakest part of a castle?
The entrance to the castle was always its weakest point. Drawbridges could be pulled up, preventing access across moats. Tall gate towers meant that defenders could shoot down in safety at attacks below. The main gate or door to the castle was usually a thick, iron-studded wooden door, that was hard to break through.
What is the safest part of a castle?
With its extra thick walls and protected entrance, the keep was generally the safest place in a castle during the siege warfare of the 11th and 12th century CE. Inside the largest building a person in the Middle Ages likely ever saw in their lives was the Great Hall, castle chapel, and residential quarters.
What is a wall walk in a castle?
A chemin de ronde (French, “round path”‘ or “patrol path”; French pronunciation: [ʃəmɛ̃ də ʁɔ̃d]), also called an allure, alure or, more prosaically, a wall-walk, is a raised protected walkway behind a castle battlement. In early fortifications, high castle walls were difficult to defend from the ground.
What is a rampart in a medieval castle?
In fortification architecture, a rampart is a length of bank or wall forming part of the defensive boundary of a castle, hillfort, settlement or other fortified site. It is usually broad-topped and made of excavated earth and/or masonry.
What is the corner of a castle called?
Ward (Bailey) The courtyard of a castle containing the principal buildings, including sometimes a tower keep, which may be surrounded by its own fortified wall.
What is a hallway in a castle called?
Hall: principal living quarters of a medieval castle or house. Hoarding: covered wooden gallery affixed to the top of the outside of a tower or curtain to defend the castle. Inner Ward or Inner Bailey: open area in the center of a castle.
Were castles clean or dirty?
Castles were very difficult to keep clean. There was no running water, so even simple washing tasks meant carrying a lot of bucketfuls of water from a well or stream. Few people had the luxury of being able to bathe regularly; the community was generally more tolerant of smells and dirt.
What is the roof of a castle called?
Conical roofs are frequently found on top of towers in medieval town fortifications and castles, where they may either sit directly on the outer wall of the tower (sometimes projecting beyond it to form eaves) or form a superstructure above the fighting platform or terrace of the tower.
What is a bedroom in a castle called?
The room in the castle called the Lords and Ladies Chamber, or the Great Chamber, was intended for use as a bedroom and used by the lord and lady of the castle – it also afforded some privacy for the noble family of the castle.
What was a medieval toilet called in a castle?
In a medieval castle, a garderobe was usually a simple hole discharging to the outside into a cesspit (akin to a pit latrine) or the moat (like a fish pond toilet), depending on the structure of the building.
What is a castle solar?
solar, also spelled sollar, in architecture, private room located on the floor above the great hall in a late medieval English manor house. The solar served as a kind of parlour to which the family of the owner of the manor house or castle could retire from the bustling communal living of the hall below.
Do castles have basements?
The main reason buildings have basements is because they need foundations. A heavy stone building like a castle will either be built directly on rock (no basement) or have substantial foundations, with the accompanying potential for large basements. Postern gates were often built ABOVE ground level, for extra security.
How did toilets work in castles?
The toilets of a castle were usually built into the walls so that they projected out on corbels and any waste fell below and into the castle moat. Even better, waste went directly into a river as is the case of the latrines of one of the large stone halls at Chepstow Castle in Wales, built from the 11th century CE.
Where did servants sleep in medieval castles?
Most domestic servants would have slept in shared chambers in either the cellars or attics of the castle buildings. There might also be simple buildings outside the castle for herdsmen, mill workers, wood-cutters, and craftspeople such as rope-makers, candle-makers, potters, basket-weavers, and spinners.
What was inside a castle?
Inside the castle walls there might have been a magnificent hall, comfortable chambers and a beautiful chapel. Larger castles had their own fish ponds, orchards and vineyards, as well as gardens which supplied vegetables and herbs.
What is a kitchen in a castle called?
I’ll talk about the people in the castle in another post. The rooms in a castle were very similar to rooms that are found in modern houses, with similar names. For example, kitchens were called kitchens as were pantries and cellars.
What was the most important room in a castle?
The most important room in a castle was the Great Hall. This is where all the members of the household sat down to eat at tables set up for every meal. It was where feasts were held for special days, or when there were guests. King Arthur’s Pentecost Feast takes place in such a Hall.