What kind of impact did ancient armies have on civilians and the environments outside of combat?

How did ancient armies fight?

Soldiers would lunge out in groups to attack the enemy, as few as one man or whole unite such as a Roman maniple. This is where such small unit officers like the centurions were so important, leading from the front they exhorted their men to be brave and attack and often led by example and started the attacks.

Who has the best army in ancient times?

Top 10 Greatest Ancient Armies

  • #8: Babylonia. …
  • #7: The Huns. …
  • #6: Carthage. …
  • #5: Egypt. …
  • #4: Kingdom of Macedonia. …
  • #3: Han Dynasty. …
  • #2: Roman Empire. …
  • #1: Achaemenid Empire.

Can the military shoot civilians?

It is anticipated that much blood will be shed during a war, regardless of its length. Civilians, by and large, are neither trained in combat nor armed, and they are not authorized to kill except in SELF-DEFENSE.

What was ancient combat like?

Ancient warfare was extremely brutal. The conditions were terrible. The generals and soldiers who returned victoriously were venerated and praised the bravery of their men for a good reason. Many people take the heroics from these times without taking the necessary reality of the conditions these battles produced.

How was medieval combat?

Two knights might fight each other alone (this was called single combat) while a huge crowd watched and cheered. Or else a large number of knights might form two teams, like two enemy armies, and try to beat one another at jousting (fighting on horseback with a lance) and sword-fighting.

How did armies tell each other apart?

In the late 12th and 13th century, two ways of identifying individual soldiers developed. The first was heraldic surcoats and shields – coloring the surcoat (the loose robe worn over the armour in the 13th and 14th centuries) and shield with specific colors in specific patterns to identify a particular man at arms.

Who are the deadliest soldiers?

Best Special Forces in the World 2020

  1. MARCOS, India. Wikipedia/representative image. …
  2. Special Services Group (SSG), Pakistan. …
  3. National Gendarmerie Intervention Group (GIGN), France. …
  4. Special Forces, USA. …
  5. Sayeret Matkal, Israel. …
  6. Joint Force Task 2 (JTF2), Canada. …
  7. British Special Air Service (SAS) …
  8. Navy Seals, USA.

Who is number 1 army in the world?

Top 10 Armies: Highest Total Number of Military Personnel

Country Numbers (members)
China: 4,015,000
Russia: 3,568,000
United States: 2,233,050
Brazil: 2,101,500

How long did battles last?

Battles occurring in rough terrain, or slow attacks on developed areas seem to have bogged down, slowing the resolution of combat. Combats between individual groups of infantry seem to last about 15-20 minutes in this era.

How did armies tell each other apart in medieval times?

Seriously, how did knights tell each other apart during medieval battles? 🙄 They all looked basically the same. They were dozens of banners, coat-of-arms, heraldic displays, etc. Moreover, in melee combat there is no time to think or to recall colors and style…

How did knights identify themselves?

In the late 12th and 13th century, two ways of identifying individual soldiers developed. The first was heraldric surcoats and shields – coloring the surcoat (the loose robe worn over the armour in the 13th and 14th centuries) and shield with specific colors in specific patterns to identify a particular man at arms.

Did medieval armies wear uniforms?

The monastic knightly orders, like the Knights Templar, Teutonic Knights, Hospitallers etc had a uniform equipment set. The ghulam bodyguards of various Muslim rulers would also be equipped with similar armour and weapons, as they were slaves and everything they got was supplied by their master, the emir/sultan.

Who had the most kills?

Charles Benjamin “Chuck” Mawhinney (born 1949) is a United States Marine who holds the Corps’ record for the most confirmed sniper kills, having recorded 103 confirmed kills and 216 probable kills in 16 months during the Vietnam War.

Chuck Mawhinney
Wars Vietnam War
Other work U.S. Forest Service public speaker

Who has the most kills in ww1?

Three times awarded the Military Medal and seriously wounded, he was an expert marksman and scout, credited with killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more.

Francis Pegahmagabow
Born March 9, 1891 Parry Sound, Ontario
Died August 5, 1952 (aged 61) Parry Sound, Ontario
Allegiance Canada

Who got the most kills in ww1?

Simo Häyhä. Nicknamed “White Death,” Simo Häyhä tallied 505 kills, far and away the highest count from any major war.

Who is America’s deadliest soldier?

One of the most legendary combat heroes with exceptional confirmed kill counts is USMC Sgt. Carlos Norman Hathcock II. Hathcock’s legend grew from countless acts of bravery on the battlefield.

Who is the deadliest American soldier?

Known as the deadliest sniper in U.S. military history, Navy Seal Chris Kyle, who served during the Iraq War, has become renowned as the American Sniper. Chris Kyle was born in 1974 in Odessa, Texas. He graduated from Midlothian High School in 1992 and attended Tarleton State University for two years.

Who has the most confirmed kills in ww2?

Simo Häyhä-Finland

The most deadly sniper of World War II: Simo Häyhä. He had 542 confirmed kills, with an unconfirmed total number of 705. Not only is he the most deadly sniper of World War II, but he is also believed to be the most deadly sniper of all time.

Is the white death still alive?

Häyhä spent his last years in a war veterans’ nursing home in Hamina, where he died in 2002 at the age of 96. He was buried in his home town of Ruokolahti.

Who is the best sniper?

The Top Ten Deadliest Snipers in History

  • 10 of the World’s Deadliest Snipers. …
  • Chuck Mawhinney (103 Kills) …
  • Adelbert Waldron (109 Kills) …
  • Henry Norwest (115 Kills) …
  • Chris Kyle (160 Kills) …
  • Vasily Zaytsev (242 Kills) …
  • Lyudmila Pavlichenko (309 Kills) …
  • Carlos Hathcock (93 Confirmed Kills)

What was the White Death’s name?

Simo Häyhä

With at least 505 confirmed kills during the Winter War of 1939–40 between Finland and the Soviet Union, Simo Häyhä (1905–2002) has been labelled the deadliest sniper in history. Here, Tapio Saarelainen shares the story of the Finnish sniper and how he achieved his nickname ‘White Death’…

What is the white death?

Simo Häyhä, also known as “The White Death,” was a Finnish sniper who is credited with killing more than 500 enemy troops within 100 days during the Winter War against the Soviet Union from 1939 to 1940. Häyhä accomplished this with a Russian-made Mosin-Nagant M91 rifle and iron sights.

When was the White Death born?

December 17, 1905

Simo Häyhä
Häyhä after being awarded the honorary rifle model 28.
Nickname White Death
Born December 17, 1905 Rautjärvi, Finland, Russian Empire
Died April 1, 2002 (aged 96) Hamina, Finland

Who won the Winter War?

The Soviets

The Soviets had won the Winter War and, in the subsequent Treaty of Moscow, took much more than what they had demanded originally. Finland had to cede Viipuri and the northern port of Petsamo, as well as the entire Karelian isthmus. All told, Finland lost some 11 percent of its original territory.

Who is the number 1 sniper in the world?

Simo Häyhä

Nicknamed “White Death,” Simo Häyhä tallied 505 kills, far and away the highest count from any major war. All of Häyhä’s kills of Red Army combatants were accomplished in fewer than 100 days – an average of just over five kills per day – at a time of year with very few daylight hours.

Who is the best sniper in the world 2020?

1. Finnish Army 2nd Lt. Simo Häyhä

What side was Finland on in ww2?

Nazi Germany

In fact, Finland allied itself with Nazi Germany during the second world war not to prevent Soviet conquest but to win back territories lost to the USSR as a result of the winter war of 1939-40. The peace treaty that ended the war in March 1940 left Finnish independence intact.

Was Finland Axis or Allies in ww2?

As part of the Paris Peace Treaty, Finland was classified as an ally of Nazi Germany, bearing its responsibility for the war.

Was Finland Axis or Allies?

3. Finland. Never a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, Finland was nonetheless a co-belligerent on the side of the Axis Powers. This was a result of the Soviet invasion of Finland, as sanctioned by the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.