What did Cosima Wagner mean by coating music?

What is the musical style of Wagner?

Wagner’s later musical style introduced new ideas in harmony, melodic process (leitmotif) and operatic structure. Notably from Tristan und Isolde onwards, he explored the limits of the traditional tonal system, which gave keys and chords their identity, pointing the way to atonality in the 20th century.

What did Wagner base his music on?

Initially they took a stormy sea passage to London, from which Wagner drew the inspiration for his opera Der fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman), with a plot based on a sketch by Heinrich Heine. The Wagners settled in Paris in September 1839 and stayed there until 1842.

What is the characteristics of the music by Richard Wagner?

His compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex textures, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs–musical phrases associated with individual characters, places, ideas or plot elements.

What is Wagner’s masterpiece?

Wagner’s swansong, a masterpiece of sustained drama, is principally concerned with the retrieval by the Knights of the Holy Grail of the spear that pierced Christ’s side at his crucifixion.

What is the meaning of Wagner?

wagon-maker or wagon driver

From the Germanic Waganari, meaning “wagon-maker or wagon driver,” the common occupational surname Wagner was often given to one who transported produce or other goods via high-sided wagons or carts.

What is the meaning of Gesamtkunstwerk?

total work of art

The German term Gesamtkunstwerk, roughly translates as a “total work of art” and describes an artwork, design, or creative process where different art forms are combined to create a single cohesive whole.

What does Gesamtkunstwerk mean for the way that Wagner composed operas?

total work of art

It means “total work of art“, and Wagner introduced the term in 1849 in a series of essays in which he decried the fragmentation of the arts and argued it had been downhill all the way since the Greeks.

What did Wagner base his operas off of?

Based on the story of the eternally wandering sea captain, it marks the beginning of Wagner’s fascination with myths and legends of North European origin that would lead to Tannhäuser (1845), Lohengrin (1850), culminating in Tristan und Isolde and the four-opera Ring Cycle.

What was Wagner known for?

Richard Wagner is one of the most well known and highly regarded German composers of all time. Known for his revolutionary compositions and Wagnerian leitmotif, he was responsible for some of the most recognisable opera music ever written.

Is Gesamtkunstwerk an English word?

A Gesamtkunstwerk is a work of art that makes use of all or many art forms or strives to do so. The term is a German word which has come to be accepted in English as a term in aesthetics.

What is Gesamtkunstwerk architecture?

Gesamtkunstwerk, meaning literally ‘total work of art‘, was originally intended to mean that all types of art, including painting, music, architecture, literature or performances could be collated into one interrelated subject, project and study, so that an overarching design schema would cover all elements of a …

What is a Gesamtkunstwerk quizlet?

Gesamtkunstwerk. (German for “total art work”) an art form that involves music, poetry, drama, and scenic design; often used in reference to Richard Wagner’s music dramas.

Who is credited with developing the concept of Gesamtkunstwerk?

German Romanticism

Early 19th century Romanticism movement influenced the development of Gesamtkunstwerk, notably through the artist and theorist, Phillip Otto Runge.

Which is an accurate definition of leitmotiv?

Which is an accurate definition of Leitmotiv? The first theme of the overture in a music drama. A brief musical idea, subject to transformation, connected to a person, event or idea.

How are leitmotifs used today?

Leitmotif Examples • The Lord of the Rings

At its core, a leitmotif is a tool that allows artists to build continuity in their story. They can be used to create suspenseful music, romantic music, or help guide the audience’s emotions in whichever direction you want.

How are leitmotifs used in Star Wars?

One of the most frequent uses of the Leitmotif is that when the character, object, situation or idea, appears on the screen: It is the moment in which the composer uses the musical theme in such a way that the viewer has the easiest identification of both elements; however, one of the great contributions of John …

What was the opera or series of operas composed by Richard Wagner?

From 1849 to 1852 he produced his basic prose works: Die Kunst und die Revolution (Art and Revolution), Das Kunstwerk der Zukunft (The Art Work of the Future), Eine Mitteilung an meine Freunde (A Communication to My Friends), and Oper und Drama (Opera and Drama).

Is Wagner a romantic composer?

Richard Wagner was a revolutionary Romantic composer, born in Leipzig, Germany on 22 May 1913. His main interests developed at a very early age, when he would enjoy listening to operas, orchestral works and vocal arrangement by composers like Mozart and Carl Weber.

What special technique did Richard Wagner invent for his operas that associated musical themes with places characters or ideas?


Richard Wagner is the earliest composer most specifically associated with the concept of leitmotif. His cycle of four operas, Der Ring des Nibelungen (the music for which was written between 1853 and 1869), uses hundreds of leitmotifs, often related to specific characters, things, or situations.

What technique did Richard Wagner invent?

He called his concept “Gesamtkunstwerk” (total work of art) — a method, which he frequently used, of weaving German myths with larger themes about love and redemption. After moving to Riga, Russia, in 1837, Wagner became the first musical director of the theater and began work on his next opera, Rienzi.

What is a leitmotiv in music?

leitmotif, German Leitmotiv (“leading motive”), a recurring musical theme appearing usually in operas but also in symphonic poems.

How did Richard Wagner use leitmotifs?

Leitmotifs offered Wagner a way to incorporate into music a range of solid but variable thesis arguments. In this way, the ideas at the base of the leitmotiv are what would be considered symbols in literature. Wagner’s most complete usage of the leitmotiv is Der Ring des Nibelungen.

How many years did it take Richard Wagner to write his most famous piece The Ring Cycle?

It is often referred to as the Ring cycle, Wagner’s Ring, or simply The Ring. Wagner wrote the libretto and music over the course of about twenty-six years, from 1848 to 1874.

Der Ring des Nibelungen
Translation The Ring of the Nibelung
Librettist Richard Wagner
Language German

What is the basis for the story of the Ring of Nibelung?

Wagner’s main source was an old German poem called the The Song of the Nibelungs. This poem is about the dragon-slayer Siegfried. Norse sagas Wagner read in connection with the creation of the Ring included the Völsunga saga, the Prose Edda, and the Poetic Edda.

What does the Ring give its owner in the Ring of Nibelung?

The ring will bring death to whoever has it. The ring goes through the hands of several characters, all of whom die in the end. Alberich belongs to a race of dwarfs called the “Nibelungs”.

Who is the chief villain of the Ring operas?

It’s even more difficult in the Metropolitan Opera’s current revival of the “Ring,” in which the typically villainous Alberich — the dwarfish Nibelung of the title — is portrayed with nobility and nuance by Tomasz Konieczny, in a stunning company debut.

Who were the Valkyries in Wagner’s opera?

In Richard Wagner’s opera “Die Walkure” (from the Cycle “Der Ring des Nibelungen”-“The Ring of the Nibelung”), the VALKYRIES are WOMEN WARRIORS and HEROIC FIGURES banding together in a POWERFUL SISTERHOOD retrieving the dead heroes slain in battle and carrying them to VALHALLA!

Who is Hans Wagner?

Was Hans Wagner a real person? While German composer Richard Wagner was a real person, Hans Wagner (not to be confused with the Danish designer Hans Wegner) is entirely fictitious. It also means his four safes are also fake.