What are the origins of Pakistani laws on “blasphemy?”

When did blasphemy become legal?

The Blasphemy Act 1697 enacted that if any person, educated in or having made profession of the Christian religion, should by writing, preaching, teaching or advised speaking, deny that the members of the Holy Trinity were God, or should assert that there is more than one god, or deny the Christian religion to be true, …

How many cases are blasphemy in Pakistan?

In August 2020, at least 42 cases pertaining to blasphemy were registered across Pakistan in a single month. Most of those accused of blasphemy belonged to the Shia community and were booked under sections 295-A and 298 of the Pakistan Penal Code for allegedly insulting the companions of Muhammad.

Who created blasphemy?

A Brief History of Blasphemy

Author Richard Webster
Publisher The Orwell Press
Publication date 1990
Media type Print (Paperback)

What is 295 C in Pakistan law?

In 1986, the penal code was again amended to include Section 295-C, which provided the most severe penalty to date for persons convicted of blasphemy involving the name of the Prophet.

Is blasphemy a crime in Pakistan?

The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, penalizes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death.

Is there a blasphemy law?

A prosecution for blasphemy in the United States would be a violation of the U.S. Constitution, and no blasphemy laws exist at the federal level.

Does India have blasphemy law?

Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of [citizens of India], [by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise], insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, shall be punished …

Is apostasy punishable by death in Pakistan?

Blasphemy and apostasy

Blasphemy is punishable by death in Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Brunei, Mauritania and Saudi Arabia. Among non-Muslim-majority cases, the harshest blasphemy laws are in Italy, where the maximum penalty is three years in prison.

What is Pakistan Penal Code in Urdu?

The Pakistan Penal Code (Urdu: مجموعہ تعزیرات پاکستان; Majmū’ah-yi ta’zīrāt-i Pākistān), abbreviated as PPC, is a penal code for all offences charged in Pakistan. It was originally prepared by Lord Macaulay with a great consultation in 1860 on the behalf of the Government of India as the Indian Penal Code.

Is Treason the same as blasphemy?

As nouns the difference between blasphemy and treason

is that blasphemy is irreverence toward something considered sacred or inviolable while treason is the crime of betraying one’s own country.

Is there blasphemy in Hinduism?

Dharmic religions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, have no concept of blasphemy and hence no punishment.

Is there blasphemy law in Bangladesh?

Despite its state religion, Bangladesh uses a secular penal code which dates from 1860—the time of the British occupation. The penal code discourages blasphemy by a section that forbids “hurting religious sentiments.” Other laws permit the government to confiscate and to ban the publication of blasphemous material.

Which countries have death penalty for blasphemy?

As of July 2020, blasphemy can be punished by death in Afghanistan, Brunei, Iran, Mauritania, Nigeria (some northern states), Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Somalia (al-Shabaab-controlled areas).

What is the punishment for blasphemy in Saudi Arabia?

Children born to Muslim fathers are by law deemed Muslim, and conversion from Islam to another religion is considered apostasy and punishable by death. Blasphemy against Sunni Islam is also punishable by death, but the more common penalty is a long prison sentence.

Can I take a Bible to Saudi Arabia?

The public practice of any form of religion other than Islam is illegal; as is an intention to convert others. However, the Saudi authorities accept the private practice of religions other than Islam, and you can bring a religious text into the country as long as it is for your personal use.

Is pork allowed in Saudi Arabia?

Consumption of Pork

All Muslims, under Islamic law, are not allowed to eat pork. Saudi’s expect non-Muslim foreign teachers to abide by this law while teaching in Saudi Arabia too, regardless of their own religious beliefs.

Can you practice Christianity in Saudi Arabia?

Churches are banned; Christian migrants and tourists also have to meet in secret and cannot own Bibles. Most Christians in Saudi Arabia are migrants. There are a few Muslim-born Christians, and conversion from Islam is punishable by death.

Which country has no religion?

It is worth noting that atheism is not a religion—however, in actively rejecting the existence of spiritual deities, atheism is arguably a spiritual belief.
Least Religious Countries 2022.

Country Netherlands
Unaffiliated % 44.30%
Unaffiliated 7,550,000
2022 Population 17,211,447

In which country there is no mosque?

Slovakia is one of very few European countries with no mosque, but that’s not the only struggle for a Muslim community denied official status. The Slovak parliament made it even more difficult for them to gain recognition.

What is the best religion in the world?

Adherents in 2020

Religion Adherents Percentage
Christianity 2.382 billion 31.11%
Islam 1.907 billion 24.9%
Secular/Nonreligious/Agnostic/Atheist 1.193 billion 15.58%
Hinduism 1.161 billion 15.16%

Which is the purest religion?

Hinduism. According to the principle scripture of Hinduism, the Bhagavad-gītā, truth is Krishna himself. This is confirmed by Vyasa as stated in the verse, You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth.

Will Islam become the largest religion in the world?

The number of babies born to Muslims is expected to overtake those born to Christians within two decades, making Islam the world’s largest religion by 2075, according to new analysis of data by the Pew Research Center.

Which country has the most Muslims?


The country with the largest number of Muslims overall is Indonesia, which is home to an estimated 231 million Muslims. This is 86.7% of the Indonesian population and nearly 13% of the world’s total population of Muslims.

Who is founder of Islam?

The Prophet Muhammad

The rise of Islam is intrinsically linked with the Prophet Muhammad, believed by Muslims to be the last in a long line of prophets that includes Moses and Jesus.

Where did Islam originate?


Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the major world religions. Islam started in Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia, during the time of the prophet Muhammad’s life.

Which country is most religious?


Rank Country/District Yes, important
1 Japan 24%
2 Vietnam 15%
3 Estonia 16%
4 Austria 17%

Which religion is the oldest?

The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit. ”the Eternal Dharma”), which refers to the idea that its origins lie beyond human history, as revealed in the Hindu texts.

What is the most atheist country?

Relative to its own populations, Zuckerman ranks the top 5 countries with the highest possible ranges of atheists and agnostics: Sweden (46-85%), Vietnam (81%), Denmark (43-80%), Norway (31-72%), and Japan (64-65%).

What religion are Japanese?

Shinto and Buddhism are Japan’s two major religions. Shinto is as old as the Japanese culture, while Buddhism was imported from the mainland in the 6th century. Since then, the two religions have been co-existing relatively harmoniously and have even complemented each other to a certain degree.

What religion is in Korea?

Religion in South Korea is diverse. A slight majority of South Koreans have no religion. Buddhism and Christianity are the dominant confessions among those who affiliate with a formal religion. Buddhism and Confucianism are the most influential religions in the lives of the South Korean people.

What is China’s main religion?

Chinese Buddhism

Chinese Buddhism and Folk Religions
Though Buddhism originated in India, it has a long history and tradition in China and today is the country’s largest institutionalized religion.