Did castles have hallways?
Halls have morphed into entrance halls and dining rooms have taken over one of their main functions. Solars, Cabinets and Boudoirs have become sitting rooms, libraries and dressing rooms. Ice houses have been replaced by refrigerators. Below are the main rooms found in medieval castles and large manor houses.
What did every castle have inside the walls?
Inside the castle walls there might have been a magnificent hall, comfortable chambers and a beautiful chapel. Larger castles had their own fish ponds, orchards and vineyards, as well as gardens which supplied vegetables and herbs.
What was inside medieval castles?
A typical European castle was like a little village inside, with kitchens, workshops, gardens, stables, and a chapel. This castle is built of stone, but many early castles were wooden.
What are the holes in castle walls called?
An embrasure is the opening in a battlement between the two raised solid portions, referred to as crenel or crenelle in a space hollowed out throughout the thickness of a wall by the establishment of a bay.
Were castles clean or dirty Why?
Castles were very difficult to keep clean. There was no running water, so even simple washing tasks meant carrying a lot of bucketfuls of water from a well or stream. Few people had the luxury of being able to bathe regularly; the community was generally more tolerant of smells and dirt.
What was a medieval toilet called in a castle?
The term is also used to refer to a medieval or Renaissance toilet or a close stool. In a medieval castle, a garderobe was usually a simple hole discharging to the outside into a cesspit (akin to a pit latrine) or the moat (like a fish pond toilet), depending on the structure of the building.
What is the inside of a castle called?
The inner bailey or inner ward of a castle is the strongly fortified enclosure at the heart of a medieval castle. It is protected by the outer ward and, sometimes also a Zwinger, moats, a curtain wall and other outworks. Depending on topography it may also be called an upper bailey or upper ward.
How did medieval soldiers sleep?
They were often sleep-deprived, exhausted and malnourished. They slept outside on hard ground, fully exposed to whatever weather befell them.
What was it like inside a castle?
Life in a castle in medieval times was very dark and cold. Windows were narrow, open slits. Toilets were benches with holes in. The waste would drop into a stinky cesspit or the moat.
Where did they poop in medieval times?
As for the rest of the populace of cities, they generally pooped into containers, the contents of which they would (usually) deposit into a nearby river or stream, or gutter system that led to such.
Did they poop in chamber pots?
1. Chamber Pots. Chamber pots were used by women to collect waste overnight. When they were finished, the contents would be thrown over balcony/out the window with the accompanying words of “garde loo” which is French for “watch out for the water.” Muck-rackers were hired to help keep the streets walk-able.
How did they poop in castles?
The toilet seat was made of a wooden bench covering the shaft hole in the masonry. The wood was usually cut with a rectangular or keyhole aperture. Hay, grass, or even moss were used as toilet paper. Toilet hay is referred to by medieval writers, albeit indirectly.
What is the corner of a castle called?
Ward (Bailey) The courtyard of a castle containing the principal buildings, including sometimes a tower keep, which may be surrounded by its own fortified wall.
What is a castle curtain wall?
A curtain wall is a defensive wall between two fortified towers or bastions of a castle, fortress, or town.
What is the pointed top of a castle called?
- A turret is a small tower on the top corner of a larger tower several turrets are visible in the picture. …
- @JamesK “pinnacle” is defined by the Cambridge Dictionary as “a small pointed structure on top of a building,” which would seem to include the structures shown.
What is a buttery in a castle?
The buttery was a room in a castle where barrels or butts of alcoholic drinks were stored. In Medieval times, the butler was responsible for the castle cellar and providing drinks to the guests.
What was the bailey used for in a castle?
The yard was surrounded by a wooden fence called a palisade and then a ditch. The bailey was the center of domestic life within the castle and could contain a variety of buildings, including halls, kitchens, stores, stables, a chapel, barracks, and workshops.
What kind of roofs did castles have?
Castle roofs were timber framed and covered with various materials. Wood was cheap and the most available material. Other material became available depending on the resources and wealth of the builder, and included thatch, oak shingles, slates, flag stone, and clay tiles.
What were medieval roof tiles made of?
Originally they were made by forming clay around a curved surface, often a log or the maker’s thigh. Today barrel tiles are mass-produced from clay, metal, concrete or plastic.
What were medieval roofs made from?
In the early Middle Ages most roofs were thatched. Fires were a constant problem and in 1221 a law was passed prohibiting the use of thatch. This new law stated that the roofs of new buildings had to be covered with wooden shingles, stone slabs or clay tiles. Shingles were cut by hand from local oak trees.
Did castles have thatched roofs?
A little-known use of thatch during the middle ages is that it was used in the masonry construction of the great castles and cathedrals. … Most of the “old” buildings of Europe come from this era and most of these had a thatched roof.
How do you pronounce thatched hut?
Quote from Youtube video:These phrase thatched heart thatched heart thatched heart yes a bit of a mouthful touched heart.
What did a thatcher do in medieval times?
Thatchers were workers who created the thatched roofs that were used on most homes during the medieval period.
When were thatched roofs banned?
New thatched roofs were forbidden in London in 1212 following a major fire, and existing roofs had to have their surfaces plastered to reduce the risk of fire.
When was thatching invented?
Thatched roofing has a long history that began with temporary shelters for nomadic peoples. Between 5000 and 1800 B.C., the first hunter-gatherers colonized the areas between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea and eventually settled there long-term.
How old is thatching?
The earliest documented record of thatched roofing we have to date is circa 700 AD. Although little is known of thatched roofing history during the eighth and ninth centuries, historians assume that thatching with wild grasses and straw was probably fairly common for the day.
What is the only thatched building in London?
In 1996 the Bankside playhouse became the first thatched building in London since the Great Fire 330 years earlier. The use of thatch was a crucial component in Sam Wanamaker’s vision to strive for a faithful reconstruction of Shakespeare’s theatre.
Do thatched roofs leak?
FAQ #5: Your thatch roof cover will leak, fall apart, blow away, and disintegrate if any kind of harsh weather strikes. Of all the FAQs about thatch, this is our favorite.
Why didn’t the Globe Theatre have a roof?
However, a few adaptations were made to the building. First, the Globe Theatre is the first and only building to have thatched roofing after they were banned as a direct result of the Great Fire of London in 1666, so some safety precautions had to be taken.
Does the Globe still exist today?
After being closed for the majority of 2020 due to the Coronavirus outbreak, the Globe Theatre reopened in 2021 for tours and performances.
What nickname is William Shakespeare fondly known as?
the Bard of Avon
Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet and nicknamed the Bard of Avon.
Who was the Queen when Shakespeare was alive?
When Shakespeare was born in 1564, Elizabeth had been Queen of England for just 5 years. While most of his plays were written after her death, we do know she saw a few of Shakespeare’s plays performed and that he performed at Court.