Were there communes in Imperial Germany?

Communes are first recorded in the late 11th and early 12th centuries, thereafter becoming a widespread phenomenon. They had greater development in central-northern Italy, where they became city-states based on partial democracy. At the same time in Germany they became free cities, independent from local nobility.

What was life like in the German Empire?

Generally, life in Germany was decent. There was a substantial amount of economic growth, especially after the depression of 1873 (that lasted a decade), corruption was not higher than in other western European countries (as far as I can find sources, this is a bit iffy).

How big was Imperial Germany?

The German Empire, 1871–1918. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. At its birth Germany occupied an area of 208,825 square miles (540,854 square km) and had a population of more than 41 million, which was to grow to 67 million by 1914.

How many German principalities were there?

The German Empire consisted of 25 constituent states and an Imperial Territory, the largest of which was Prussia.

What was Germany called before ww1?

Before it was called Germany, it was called Germania. In the years A.D. 900 – 1806, Germany was part of the Holy Roman Empire.

Federal Republic of Germany Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)
• Unification 18 January 1871
• Monarchy abolished 9 November 1918
• Nazi Germany 23 March 1933

What was Germany called before Germany?

German Empire and Weimar Republic of Germany, 1871–1945

The official name of the German state in 1871 became Deutsches Reich, linking itself to the former Reich before 1806 and the rudimentary Reich of 1848/1849.

When was Germany at its largest?

Germany’s territorial control at its greatest extent during World War II (late 1942):

What was the biggest German Empire?


Although nominally a federal empire and league of equals, in practice, the empire was dominated by the largest and most powerful state, Prussia. Prussia stretched across the northern two-thirds of the new Reich and contained three-fifths of its population.

Is there still German royalty?

Does Germany have a royal family? No, modern-day Germany has never had a monarch. However, from 1871 through 1918, the German Empire consisted of Kingdoms, Grand Duchies, Duchies, and Principalities, and all had royal families whose linage could be traced back to the Holy Roman Empire.

How democratic was Imperial Germany?

The German Empire was a quasi-democracy. Legislation had to be passed by the Reichstag, which was elected by universal adult male suffrage (with the minimum age for voting at 25). However, the Reichstag only got to vote once every ten (!) years on the military budget.

How did Spain remain neutral in ww2?

Once World War II broke out, Spain, like Italy, declared neutrality. As soon as Italy declared war on June 10, 1940, Spain declared non- belligerency, which meant, in practice, supporting the Axis countries. From June 1940, Spain bargained its entry in the war.

Who found Germany?

Otto von Bismarck

Otto von Bismarck: a brief guide to the ‘founder of modern Germany’

Was Poland a part of Germany?

The area was divided into four administrative districts with seats at Krakow, Warsaw, Radom, and Lublin. Virtually all of Poland remained under German occupation until the Soviet offensive into eastern Poland in the summer of 1944.

Why does Germany have two flags?

Since the mid-19th century, Germany has two competing traditions of national colours, black-red-gold and black-white-red. Black-red-gold were the colours of the 1848 Revolutions, the Weimar Republic of 1919–1933 and the Federal Republic (since 1949).

What were the German principalities?

The federal constitution was adopted by the North German Reichstag on April 17, 1867. Four years later it became, almost without change, the constitution of the German Empire. Two principles were balanced against each other—the sovereignty of the German states and the national unity of the German people.

Was Austria a part of Germany?

Austria existed as a federal state of Germany until the end of World War II, when the Allied powers declared the Anschluss void and reestablished an independent Austria.

Was Salzburg ever part of Germany?

During the Middle Ages, Salzburg prospered and developed increasing autonomy. Finally, it ceded from Bavaria in the 14th century. Since then, Salzburg was an independent principality and church-state within the German Empire, not to be confused with modern Germany.

Why Austria did not join Germany?

The Austrian empire itself had too many nationalities/ethnicities in itself and was quickly decaying. It seems obvious that it could not last in its current state. The main part of Austria itself was a German state that was excluded from the unification.

Why did Austria split from Germany?

Just before WWII, Germany annexed Austria, but again the principle of no one power dominating the continent meant after the war the victors broke this union and divided both Germany and Austria amongst themselves into quarters, separating them again.

Is Arnold Schwarzenegger German or Austrian?

Arnold Schwarzenegger, in full Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger, (born July 30, 1947, Thal, near Graz, Austria), Austrian-born American bodybuilder, film actor, and politician who rose to fame through roles in blockbuster action movies and later served as governor of California (2003–11).

Is Austria older than Germany?

Modern-day Austria and Germany were united until 1866: their predecessors were part of the Holy Roman Empire and the German Confederation until the unification of German states under Prussia in 1871, which excluded Austria.
Austria–Germany relations.

Austria Germany
Embassy of Austria, Berlin Embassy of Germany, Vienna

Is Swiss German?

The Swiss people (German: die Schweizer, French: les Suisses, Italian: gli Svizzeri, Romansh: ils Svizzers) are the citizens of Switzerland or people of Swiss ancestry.
Swiss people.

Total population
Swiss abroad 0.8 million (2016)
Swiss ancestry c. 1.5 million
France 220,730
Germany 103,000

What is the German name for Belgium?


Kingdom of Belgium Koninkrijk België (Dutch) Royaume de Belgique (French) Königreich Belgien (German)
• Declared 4 October 1830
• Recognised 19 April 1839
• Total 30,689 km2 (11,849 sq mi) (136th)

What was Austria called before?


The name Ostarrîchi (Austria) has been in use since 996 AD when it was a margravate of the Duchy of Bavaria and from 1156 an independent duchy (later archduchy) of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (Heiliges Römisches Reich 962–1806).

Does Austria still have a royal family?

Members of the Habsburg family oversee the Austrian branch of the Order of the Golden Fleece and the Imperial and Royal Order of Saint George.
House of Habsburg.

House of Habsburg Haus Habsburg
Current head Karl von Habsburg (cognatic line)
Final ruler Maria Theresa (agnatic line) Charles I (cognatic line)
Titles show List

What side was Austria on in ww2?

Austrians were generally enthusiastic supporters of union with Germany. Throughout World War Two, 950,000 Austrians fought for Nazi Germany’s armed forces.

What nationality is Austrian?


Republic of Austria Republik Österreich (German)
Capital and largest city Vienna 48°12′N 16°21′E
Official language and national language German
Recognised languages Hungarian Slovene Burgenland Croatian
Ethnic groups (2020) 75.6% Austrians 24.4% Others

Is Austria Hispanic?

Austrian Ethnicity

The vast majority of people in Austria, 91% of the total population, identify as ethnically Austrian.

Is Austrian German different?

Is German Different In Austria? Austrian German is almost the same as Standard German. But, spoken Austrian German has lots of different dialects, some of which are easier to understand than others. Many of the differences involve vocabulary and expressions.

Is Austria a poor country?

The economy of Austria is a developed social market economy, with the country being one of the fourteen richest in the world in terms of GDP (gross domestic product) per capita.

Do they speak English in Austria?

English. An impressive 73% of the population of Austria speaks English. In fact, Austria places seventh out of 63 countries on Education First’s English Proficiency Index, with Austrians in every age group out-performing Europe-wide averages for their levels of spoken English.

Why is Austria so rich?

Why is Austria so rich? Service-based industries are Austria’s largest contributor to the country’s economic output. accounts for 10 percent of Austria’s GDP, making it one of the most important industries for the country. Vienna ranked 10th among all countries with over 18 million visitors in 2001.