Could the Chancellor dissolve the Reichstag?
Only the “head of state” (the President) could dissolve the Reichstag, and that only under special circumstances.
Is there an electoral college in Germany?
Germans elect their members of parliament with two votes. The first vote is for a direct candidate, who is required to receive a plurality vote in their electoral district. The second vote is used to elect a party list in each state as established by its respective party caucus.
Who funded Hitler’s rise to power?
Nazi Party funds
Edwin and Helene Bechstein, part of a rich aristocratic family who sold pianos, supported Hitler financially. The Ruhr steel barons Fritz Thyssen and Gustav Krupp donated almost five million Reichsmarks to the Nazi Party over the course of the war.
What did Article 48 of the new constitution allow?
It allowed the President to declare a state of emergency in Germany in times of national danger and to rule as a dictator for short periods of time.
Why was the Enabling Act important to Hitler’s success?
The Enabling Act allowed the Reich government to issue laws without the consent of Germany’s parliament, laying the foundation for the complete Nazification of German society. The law was passed on March 23, 1933, and published the following day.
Does Germany have a welfare system?
Germany has one of the most comprehensive welfare systems. As in other developed democracies, in Germany too social spending represents the largest individual item of public spending.
Why was the Electoral College created?
As prescribed in the U.S. Constitution, American presidents are elected not directly by the people, but by the people’s electors. The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress.
Do citizens elect the President in Germany?
Election. The president is elected for a term of five years by secret ballot, without debate, by a specially convened Federal Convention which mirrors the aggregated majority position in the Bundestag (the federal parliament) and in the parliaments of the 16 German states.
How much do Germans get for social security?
The minimum monthly contribution is €83.70. The maximum monthly contribution is €1,209 (E–€1,078.80) or a flat-rate amount of €566.37 (E–€501.27), depending on the type of coverage chosen by the self-employed person.
Is Germany’s healthcare free?
Healthcare in Germany is funded by statutory contributions, ensuring free healthcare for all. In addition, you can also take out private health insurance (Private Krankenversicherung or PKV) to replace or top up state cover (gesetzliche Krankenkasse or GKV).
How much social security will I get in Germany?
Payments are generally made from age 65, and the maximum payout currently amounts to some 67% of average net income during the insured’s working life. (The retirement age is to be gradually increased to 67 over the next 20 years.) It is not unusual for persons to receive retirement payments from two or more countries.
In which three elections of the past has the winner of the popular vote failed to win the electoral?
The “national popular vote” is the sum of all the votes cast in the general election, nationwide. The presidential elections of 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016 produced an Electoral College winner who did not receive the most votes in the general election.
What does the Constitution say about the Electoral College?
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, …
How did the 12th Amendment change the Electoral College?
After the experiences of the 1796 and 1800 elections, Congress passed, and the states ratified, the 12th Amendment to the Constitution. Added in time for the 1804 election, the amendment stipulated that the electors would now cast two votes: one for President and the other for Vice President.
Has there ever been a presidential election overturned?
Only two Presidential elections (1800 and 1824) have been decided in the House. Though not officially a contingent election, in 1876, South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana submitted certificates of elections for both candidates.
What does the 12th Amendment mean for dummies?
The Twelfth Amendment requires a person to receive a majority of the electoral votes for vice president for that person to be elected vice president by the Electoral College. If no candidate for vice president has a majority of the total votes, the Senate, with each senator having one vote, chooses the vice president.
What does the 17th Amendment mean for dummies?
Passed by Congress on May 13, 1912, and ratified on April 8, 1913, the 17th Amendment modified Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution by allowing voters to cast direct votes for U.S. senators. Prior to its passage, senators were chosen by state legislatures.
What does the 23th amendment mean?
The Amendment allows American citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for presidential electors, who in turn vote in the Electoral College for President and Vice President. In layperson’s terms, the Amendment means that residents of the District are able to vote for President and Vice President.
What does the 20th amendment mean in simple terms?
The Twentieth Amendment is an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that sets the inauguration date for new presidential terms and the date for new sessions of Congress.
What amendment is only one repealed?
the Twenty-first Amendment
The amendment was proposed by Congress on December 18, 1917, and was ratified by the requisite number of states on January 16, 1919. The Eighteenth Amendment was repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment on December 5, 1933. It is the only amendment to be repealed.
Why was the 21st Amendment repealed?
The decision to repeal a constitutional amendment was unprecedented and came as a response to the crime and general ineffectiveness associated with prohibition. The Twenty-First Amendment also has the distinction of being the only amendment ratified, not by state legislature, but by state ratifying conventions.
What does the 22nd amendment mean in simple terms?
Passed by Congress in 1947, and ratified by the states on February 27, 1951, the Twenty-Second Amendment limits an elected president to two terms in office, a total of eight years. However, it is possible for an individual to serve up to ten years as president.
What did the 21th amendment do?
In 1933, the 21st Amendment to the Constitution was passed and ratified, ending national Prohibition. After the repeal of the 18th Amendment, some states continued Prohibition by maintaining statewide temperance laws.
What did the 27th amendment change?
Twenty-seventh Amendment, amendment (1992) to the Constitution of the United States that required any change to the rate of compensation for members of the U.S. Congress to take effect only after the subsequent election in the House of Representatives.
What did the 20th amendment do?
Commonly known as the “Lame Duck Amendment,” the Twentieth Amendment was designed to remove the excessively long period of time a defeated president or member of Congress would continue to serve after his or her failed bid for reelection.
What is the 22nd amendment called?
The Twenty-second Amendment (Amendment XXII) to the United States Constitution limits the number of times a person is eligible for election to the office of President of the United States to two, and sets additional eligibility conditions for presidents who succeed to the unexpired terms of their predecessors.
What President served 4 terms?
Smith as “the Happy Warrior.” In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York. He was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms.
Who was elected four times?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd President of the United States. He is the only President who was elected four times in a row. Today, US Presidents can only serve two times in a row before they have to leave office. Roosevelt was first elected as President in 1932.
Why did FDR serve 4 terms as President?
His Farewell Address states it was because of his age, but his successors saw it as a necessary defense against monarchy. However, there were no formal laws written about term limits, and thus when WWII broke out in Europe, Roosevelt agreed to run for a third and then fourth term.
Who was the only divorced president?
When Reagan became president 32 years later, he became the first divorced person to assume the nation’s highest office.
Which president never got married?
He remains the only President to be elected from Pennsylvania and to remain a lifelong bachelor. Tall, stately, stiffly formal in the high stock he wore around his jowls, James Buchanan was the only President who never married.