United States Incarceration Rate

The U.S. rate is 500 prisoners per 100,000 residents, or about 1.6 million prisoners in 2010, according to the latest available data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). Men make up 90 percent of the prison and local jail population, and they have an imprisonment rate 14 times higher than the rate for women.

Does US have highest incarceration rate?

In September 2013, the incarceration rate of the United States of America was the highest in the world at 716 per 100,000 of the national population; by 2019 it had fallen to 419 in state and federal prisons per 100,000.

What is the current incarceration rate in America?

The World Prison Brief’s data estimates the U.S. incarceration rate at 639 inmates per 100,000 people as of 2018, or 13% higher than the rate of the next-closest country, El Salvador (564 inmates per 100,000 people).

What countries have the highest incarceration rates?

As of July 2021, the United States had the highest number of incarcerated individuals worldwide, with almost 2.1 million people in prison. The U.S. was followed by China, Brazil, India, and the Russian Federation.

What state has the highest incarceration rate 2020?

Oklahoma now has the highest incarceration rate in the U.S., unseating Louisiana from its long-held position as “the world’s prison capital.” By comparison, states like New York and Massachusetts appear progressive, but even these states lock people up at higher rates than nearly every other country on earth.

What is the incarceration rate in the US 2021?

The incarceration rate in the United States, including state and federal prisons and local jails, was 537 people behind bars per 100,000 residents in early 2021. This is down from a peak of 760 per 100,.

Which country has the lowest incarceration rate?


The country with the lowest incarceration rate in this year was Monaco, which had 33.3 people in prison for every 100 thousand inhabitants.

Why is US incarceration rate so high?

There are a number of reasons, from a lack of investment in schools and economic opportunity, to draconian drug laws and bail policies that criminalize poverty, to inadequate reentry services and employment discrimination against people who have been incarcerated, just to name a few.

What state has the highest incarceration rate 2021?

Here are the 10 states with the highest prison rates:

  • Louisiana (684 per 100k)
  • Mississippi (639 per 100k)
  • Oklahoma (632 per 100k)
  • Arkansas (582 per 100k)
  • Arizona (536 per 100k)
  • Kentucky (514 per 100k)
  • Texas (513 per 100k)
  • Georgia (495 per 100k)

What’s the incarceration rate?

California. According to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, California’s recidivism rate has averaged around 50% over the past ten years.

What country has the highest incarceration rate 2021?

The United States

The United States leads the world in total number of people incarcerated, with more than 2 million prisoners nationwide (per data released in October 2021 by World Prison Brief).

What is the most incarcerated race in the world?

Men make up 90 percent of the prison and local jail population, and they have an imprisonment rate 14 times higher than the rate for women. And these men are overwhelmingly young: Incarceration rates are highest for those in their 20s and early 30s.

Why is incarceration a problem?

Social & Economic Harm. Mass incarceration doesn’t just unnecessarily deprive people of their freedom — it also comes with enormous social and economic costs for formerly incarcerated individuals, their families, and their communities.

Who leads the world in incarceration?

The United States

The United States leads the world in incarceration. A new report explores why — and offers recommendations for fixing the system. Comment: While the United States has only 5 percent of the world’s population, it has nearly 25 percent of its prisoners — about 2.2 million people.

What is the number one reason for incarceration?

Drug offenses still account for the incarceration of almost 400,000 people, and drug convictions remain a defining feature of the federal prison system. Police still make over 1 million drug possession arrests each year, many of which lead to prison sentences.

Why do criminals go to jail?

Another common reason why people end up in jail is committing offenses against the justice system. These could be offenses such as: failure to appear in court or court-mandated programs, obstructing justice, breach of probation, and perjury.

Do prisoners have to pay for jail?

Although prison wages are low, prisoners do not have to pay for accommodation, their meals, basic toiletries or clothing if required. Some may be able to bring some approved items into prison with them or have them sent in by families or friends.

What is the most common crime committed by prisoners?

Incarcerated Population by Type of Crime Committed

Dec. 2014 Dec. 2018
Murder* 171,700 177,700
Negligent manslaughter 17,100 18,600
Rape/sexual assault 162,800 162,700
Robbery 168,600 155,000

Do prisons separate inmates?

Segregation is the housing of inmates in special units separate from the general population. There are two types of segregation outlined by the Bureau of Prisons: disciplinary and administrative detention. The rules and policies pertaining to each vary.

What percentage of U.S. prisoners are violent?

Jail inmates

Percent of jail inmates
Violent offenses 22.5%
Murder/a 2.8
Assault 7.2
Other sexual assault 2.6

How many black males are incarcerated in the United States?

World Day of Social Justice

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2,203 Black men per 100,000 were held in state or federal prisons in the U.S. during 2019 after being sentenced (that’s roughly one in 45). This number doesn’t include people in county jails or in pre-trial confinement.

What percent of prisoners are black in the US 2021?

Key Statistics: Percent of Black Americans in the general U.S. population: 13% + Percent of people in prison or jail who are Black: 38% +

What is the incarceration rate by race?


Race # of Inmates % of Inmates
Asian 2,235 1.4%
Black 59,375 38.3%
Native American 3,921 2.5%
White 89,408 57.7%

What percentage of America is black?

Black or African American Population

In 2020, the Black or African American alone population (41.1 million) accounted for 12.4% of all people living in the United States, compared with 38.9 million and 12.6% in 2010.

What is the percentage of US population by race?


White alone, percent  76.3%
Black or African American alone, percent(a)  13.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent(a)  1.3%
Asian alone, percent(a)  5.9%

What percentage of Canada is Black?


The Black population now accounts for 3.5% of Canada’s total population and 15.6% of the population defined as a visible minority.

What percentage of the U.S. military is Black?

Today, Blacks comprise not quite 20% of the active-duty Army and only 13% of the Army National Guard.

What percentage of the UK is Black?

Government data about the UK’s different ethnic groups. 87% of people in the UK are White, and 13% belong to a Black, Asian, Mixed or Other ethnic group (2011 Census data). Find information about the experiences and outcomes of people from a variety of ethnic backgrounds.

How many Chinese are in the UK?

There were approximately 124 thousand Chinese nationals residing in the United Kingdom in 2021, an increase from the 103 thousand Chinese nationals residing in the United Kingdom in 2008. The highest number of Chinese nationals residing in the United Kingdom was 147 thousand in 2017.

How much of England is White?

As part of the White ethnic group, an estimated 78.4% of the population in England and Wales identified their ethnic group as White British in 2019, a decrease of just over 2 percentage points since the 2011 Census; Other White increased by nearly 1.5 percentage points to an estimated 5.8%.