Eholē, “Frost”

The long growing season in Mvskoke country finally comes to an end with first frost, when surface temperatures drop low enough to transform water vapor into ice. Various factors affect the formation of these spiny ice crystals, producing different types of frost.  Each plant, in turn, responds to the onset of freezing conditions according to … Continue reading Eholē, “Frost”

West Texas or Worse

Earlier this fall I visited Glacier National Park in Montana. I had been there twice before, during the mid-sixties, when our family camped across the northern plains to escape the southern plains’ summer heat.  Home movies shot on 8mm film preserved brief glimpses of glaciers that are now only a memory, of glacial runoff that … Continue reading West Texas or Worse