Resources on the History of African Civilization

What are the main sources of African history?

TYPES OR SOURCES OF AFRICAN HISTORY

Some primary sources are written documents such as letters, diaries, newspaper and magazine articles, speeches, autobiographies, treatise, census data and marriage, birth and death registers.

How did civilization start in Africa?

In Africa, civilization rose early as people settled in the lush areas that sheltered them from the harsh desert. The first major civilization in Africa was Egypt, centered around the lush Nile River delta. Egyptian civilization truly began around 3150 BC when the ruler Menes unified the entire area into a kingdom.

Who started civilization in Africa?

General History

Africa’s first great civilization emerged in ancient Egypt in c. 3400 BC. Carthage was founded by Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. Ancient civilization, based around the River Nile in Egypt, which emerged 5,000 years ago and reached its peak in the 16th century BC.

Why is it important to learn about the history of early African civilizations?

In this respect, studying history can increase human tolerance and respect for differences in opinion. Gaining knowledge of other cultures through the appreciation of history encourages students of history to engage in critical analysis of their own culture and society and to understand and criticize their assumptions.

What are the five sources of history?

Primary sources may include diaries, letters, interviews, oral histories, photographs, newspaper articles, government documents, poems, novels, plays, and music. The collection and analysis of primary sources is central to historical research.

What are the three sources of history?

Materials used to study history can be classified into three types: primary, secondary and tertiary sources. Print sources, such as books or journals, are commonly used sources, but a source could also be recorded music or video, Internet sites or physical objects.

What’s the oldest civilization in Africa?

The Aksumite Empire

Also known as the Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum), this ancient society is the oldest of the African kingdoms on this list. This kingdom spread across what is today Ethiopia and Eritrea in an area where evidence of farming dates back 10,000 years.

Who said Africa has no history?

Even Hegel, in an apparent attempt to besmirch Africa, once asserted that “Africa is no historical part of the world; it has no movement or development to exhibit” (Hegel: 1956, 99, The Philosophy of History).

Why does Africa have no history?

It was argued at the time that Africa had no history because history begins with writing and thus with the arrival of the Europeans. Their presence in Africa was therefore justified, among other things, by their ability to place Africa in the ‘path of history’.

What are two main sources of history?

There are two main types of sources of history- primary and secondary sources.

What are the material sources of history?

Historical sources include documents, artifacts, archaeological sites, features. oral transmissions, stone inscriptions, paintings, recorded sounds, images (photographs, motion pictures), and oral history. Even ancient relics and ruins, broadly speaking, are historical sources.

What are the types of sources of history?

There are two main types of historical sources: primary sources and secondary sources.

What were the three main African civilization?

History of Africa During the Time of the Great West African Kingdoms. This activity will introduce you to three of the great kingdoms of West Africa between the 9th and 16th centuries CE. They are the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay.

What is Ancient Africa known for?

Astronomy. Several ancient African cultures birthed discoveries in astronomy. Many of these are foundations on which we still rely, and some were so advanced that their mode of discovery still cannot be understood. Egyptians charted the movement of the sun and constellations and the cycles of the moon.

What was Africa called in ancient times?

Alkebulan

According to the following resource: Kemetic History of Afrika; the definition of Alkebulan is as follows: “The ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Alkebu-lan “mother of mankind” or “garden of eden” This is the real and true Africa feeling. Alkebulan is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin.

What’s Africa’s real name?

Alkebulan

In Kemetic History of Afrika, Dr cheikh Anah Diop writes, “The ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Alkebu-lan “mother of mankind” or “garden of Eden”.” Alkebulan is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. It was used by the Moors, Nubians, Numidians, Khart-Haddans (Carthagenians), and Ethiopians.

What is Africa’s nickname?

Mother Continent

Africa is sometimes nicknamed the “Mother Continent” due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth.

What are 5 interesting facts about Africa?

Interesting facts about Africa

  • Africa is the second-largest continent in the world both in size and population.
  • Islam is the dominant religion in Africa. …
  • Africa has the shortest coastline despite being the second largest continent in the world.
  • Africa is the most centrally located continent in the world.

Why Africa is special?

Africa is a vast continent, an immense landscape of incredible contrasts, from beaches to mountains, deserts to wetlands, and mountains to endless open savannah. You can meet people whose way of life has not changed in centuries, and witness wildlife spectacles that have followed ancient rhythms for millennia.

Does Africa have water?

The irony is that Africa has abundant fresh water: large lakes, big rivers, vast wetlands and limited but widespread groundwater. Only 4 per cent of the continent’s available fresh water is currently being used.

What spices originated in Africa?

You will receive these 9 high quality African and Middle Eastern spices and spice blends:

  • Fenugreek. With hints of toasted maple, this adds both sweet and delicately bitter notes to stews and curries. …
  • Baharat. …
  • Berbere. …
  • Ras el Hanout. …
  • Sumac. …
  • Za’atar. …
  • Harissa. …
  • Pul Biber/Aleppo Pepper.

What herbs are native to Africa?

Africa is home to an extensive and diverse medicinal plant life. This includes commonly used herbs like Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis), Devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens), Buchu (Agathosma betulina), Cape Aloe (Aloe ferox) and Hoodia (Hoodia gordonii).

What is the oldest spice known to man?

Cinnamon

Cinnamon is an ancient spice that predates the recorded history of culinary applications of all spices. As such, it has been dubbed the “world’s oldest spice”, which may be a warranted title, knowing that because it was found to be included in Egyptian embalming recipes.

Who brought spices to Africa?

Ultimately, Portuguese involvement in Africa brought African spice development to considerable prominence in the Spice Trade throughout the early modern era. Sources: Da Gama, Vasco. “Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco Da Gama to India, 1497−1499.” World Digital Library, www.wdl.org/en/item/10068/.

What’s in cardamom?

Cardamom is a spice made from the seed pods of various plants in the ginger family. Cardamom pods are spindle-shaped and have a triangular cross-section. The pods contain a number of seeds, but the entire cardamom pod can be used whole or ground.

Who first used spices?

Indian Origins

Spices and herbs such as black pepper, cinnamon, turmeric, and cardamom have been used by Indians for thousands of years for both culinary and health purposes. Spices indigenous to India (such as cardamom and turmeric) were cultivated as early as the 8th century BC in the gardens of Babylon (2).

What was cinnamon used for in the Middle Ages?

Physicians from the middle ages used cinnamon to help treat cold and throat ailments such as coughing, hoarseness and sore throats. Indonesian rafts transported cinnamon on a “cinnamon route” to East Africa, where local traders then carried it north to the Roman market.

Is cinnamon a tree?

What is cinnamon? Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, is a bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. The spice consists of the dried inner bark and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavor.

Can I grow a cinnamon tree?

If you’re considering cultivating your own cinnamon tree, it’s important to keep in mind that cinnamon trees are native to tropical regions. Cinnamon plants can only truly thrive as outdoor plants in USDA Hardiness Zones 9–11. Otherwise, they’re best kept as houseplants, or kept outside only during the warmer months.

What spices did medieval use?

The major spices during the Middle Ages were: black pepper, cinnamon, ginger and saffron. Another common spice, galangal which is akin to ginger was also widely used. Today galangal has all but disappeared from the European spice vocabulary.

What was nutmeg used for in the Middle Ages?

For the most part, medieval Europeans used nutmeg for the same medicinal properties as the Arabs and Indians, especially for intestinal ailments. Medieval Europeans also believed it warded off the plague.