How did Tenochtitlan’s Templo Mayor disappear for centuries?

After the destruction of Tenochtitlan, the Templo Mayor, like most of the rest of the city, was taken apart and the area redeveloped by new structures of the Spanish colonial city. The Temple’s exact location was forgotten. By the 20th century, scholars had a good idea where to look for it.

Why did the Spanish destroy Templo Mayor?

In 1521 CE, the Spanish destroyed Templo Mayor to make way for a new cathedral. The ruins were buried and largely forgotten until their rediscovery in the 1970s. When the Templo Mayor was excavated archeologists discovered a stone Chacmool statue.

What happened Templo Mayor?

After the Spanish Conquest in 1521, the Templo Mayor was destroyed, and what did survive remained buried. The stones were reused to build structures like the Cathedral in the newly founded capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (1521-1821).

What remains Templo Mayor?

Templo Mayor was one of the main temples of Tenochtitlan, the former capital of the Aztec empire. It was destroyed by the Spanish in 1521 and the ruins were buried and largely forgotten until their rediscovery in the 1970s. The site sits next to the Zócalo, Mexico City’s main square and the Metropolitan cathedral.

What did the Aztecs do in the Templo Mayor?

When the Aztecs founded their capital, they built a temple. Between 1325 and 1521, each Aztec ruler added a new outermost layer to the temple out of respect to the gods and to ensure that his reign would be immortalized within the great stone structure. This imposing structure lay at the ritual heart of the city.

How did the Templo Mayor get destroyed?

Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325, and it was rebuilt six times. The temple was destroyed by the Spanish in 1521 to make way for the new Mexico City cathedral.

What happened to the Templo Mayor after the Spanish conquistadors arrived?

The Templo Mayor Today

After the Spanish Conquest in 1521, the Templo Mayor was destroyed, and what did survive remained buried. The stones were reused to build structures like the Cathedral in the newly founded capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (1521-1821).

What was inside the Templo Mayor?

In the center of the city, which had about 80 buildings, Templo Mayor loomed the largest. The grand temple was constructed of twin pyramids and stood 90 feet high. One pyramid represented Tlāloc, the Aztec god of rain; the other honored Huītzilōpōchtli, the god of sun and war.

What was the purpose of Aztec marketplaces?

Marketplaces were where formalized trade took place and where the majority of goods moving in society changed hands. It was also the center of social life in Nahua society and where people of different social classes interacted with one another.

What did the Spaniard conquistadors build over the Templo Mayor?

The Spanish conquistadors destroyed Tenochtitlan (with the Templo Mayor included) and built their own city on top of the ruins of the once great Aztec city. Today, archaeologists and historians continue to make discoveries of the old Aztec city (including the Templo Mayor) during excavations in modern Mexico City.

What empire built the Templo Mayor?

mighty Aztec empire

The Templo Mayor (Main Temple) in Tenochtitlan, capital of the mighty Aztec empire, was located in the center of the city, where the most important ritual and ceremonial activities in Aztec life took place.

Who lived in Templo Mayor?

The main pyramid inside the compound is also known as Templo Mayor. This area was the heart of the political and religious life of the Aztecs. It was one of their most important temples.

When was the Templo Mayor discovered?


In 1978, electrical workers in Mexico City came across a remarkable discovery. While digging near the main plaza, they found a finely carved stone monolith that displayed a dismembered and decapitated woman.

What did the Aztecs call Templo Mayor?


The Templo Mayor or Great Temple (called Hueteocalli by the Aztecs) dominated the central sacred precinct of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.

How often did the Aztecs do human sacrifice?

Every fifty-two years

The Nahua’s religious beliefs were based on a great fear that the universe would collapse after each cycle if the gods were not strong enough. Every fifty-two years a special New Fire ceremony was performed. All fires were extinguished and at midnight a human sacrifice was made. The Aztecs then waited for the dawn.

Did Aztecs eat human hearts?

In addition to slicing out the hearts of victims and spilling their blood on temple altars, the Aztecs likely also practiced a form of ritual cannibalism.

Why did the Aztecs eat humans?

Dr. Harner argued that the level of human sacrifice had been so great that it could not be explained by religious reasons alone. He suggested that, because the Aztecs had lacked large domesticated animals such as cattle or pigs, they had resorted to cannibalism to meet their need for protein.

What did the Spanish have that the Aztecs didn t?

The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.

Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?

The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.

What happened to the Aztecs after they were conquered?

The Aztec empire collapsed, its temples were defaced or destroyed, and its fine art melted down into coins. Ordinary people suffered from the European-introduced diseases which wiped out up to 50% of the population, and their new overlords did not turn out to be any better than the Aztecs.

What God did Montezuma think Cortés was?

An unnerving series of coincidences led Montezuma to believe that perhaps Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, who had promised to return one day to reclaim his kingdom. Quetzalcoatl, “the feathered serpent,” stood for the solar light, the morning star.

Why did Hernán Cortés take Montezuma hostage?

While Aztec emperor, Montezuma had a famous confrontation with Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. He initially welcomed Cortés but, when unable to buy him off, laid a trap in Tenochtitlán. Cortés, however, took Montezuma prisoner, hoping to prevent an Aztec attack.

Who did Montezuma think Cortés was and why was he so passive towards him?

Answer. Aztec Emperor Montezuma II believed Hernan Cortes was the god Queztacoaltl, but he was wrong and Cortes took him prisoner and the Aztec Empire fell to Spain.

How did Montezuma view Cortés?

Montezuma’s decision to welcome Cortés into his city reflected his strength and intelligence, not his weakness. Years of reports of Spaniards along the coastline suggested they were in the Americas to stay. Even defeating Cortés outright would only delay the inevitable negotiations that must be made with the newcomers.

What happened when Cortés met Montezuma in 1519?

Cortés placed a necklace of pearls and cut glass around the neck of Montezuma, but was held back by two lords when he tried to embrace the emperor. The Aztecs led the Spaniards into the heart of the city where Montezuma showered them with more gifts and then quartered them in sumptous apartments.

Why is Montezuma Revenge called that?

Etymology. Named for Montezuma or Moctezuma II (c. 1466 – 1520), the last Aztec ruler before the empire was conquered by the Spanish. The condition is seen as “retribution” for the slaughter and enslavement of the Aztec people by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés on 13 August 1521.

How did Cortés trick the Aztecs?

2. The Trick! Cortez pretended to be the god Quetzalcoatl. He rode a horse, an animal which the Aztecs had never seen.

How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

What happened in the Cholula massacre?

In October 1519, Spanish conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes assembled the nobles of the Aztec city of Cholula in one of the city courtyards, where Cortes accused them of treachery. Moments later, Cortes ordered his men to attack the mostly unarmed crowd.

Who did the conquistadors conquer?

conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”) plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.

Where did the Spanish conquistadors go?

During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, colonizing and opening trade routes.

How long did the conquistadors last?

For two centuries, these men explored the New World, conquering any native people they came across in the name of the King of Spain (and the hope of gold). They came to be known as the conquistadors.