Historical examples of significant no man’s lands between states in perpetual conflict

What is GREY zone conflict?

The grey-zone (also grey zone, gray zone, and gray-zone) describes the space in between peace and war in which state and non-state actors engage in competition.

When was the war of freedom was over?

American Revolutionary War

Date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783 (8 years, 4 months, 2 weeks and 1 day)
Location Eastern North America, North Atlantic Ocean, the West Indies
Result U.S. and Allied victory: Treaty of Paris British recognition of U.S. independence End of the First British Empire

What are the causes of tribal fight?

Widespread presence of arms, illiteracy, weak power of the state, lack of religious faith and the abuse of power by tribal leaders are the main reasons of the tribal conflicts.

What is described as the freedom or absence of war?

Peace is a concept of societal friendship and harmony in the absence of hostility and violence. In a social sense, peace is commonly used to mean a lack of conflict (such as war) and freedom from fear of violence between individuals or groups.

What is Hybrid conflict?

The hybrid war is a conflict with an interconnected group of state and non-state actors pursuing overlapping goals and a weak local state.

What is ambiguous warfare?

Ambiguity—’the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness‘.[1] Numerous modern warfare journals refer to the ‘hybrid’ nature of various aggressors’ contemporary, full spectrum, multi-level strategies and tactics. Stating they are hybrid suggests they are new; they are not.

Who won 1999 war?


Kargil War
Date 3 May – 26 July 1999 (2 months, 3 weeks and 2 days) Location Kargil district, Jammu and Kashmir (now Ladakh), India Result Indian victory India regains possession of Kargil Territorial changes No territorial changes
India Pakistan
Commanders and leaders

Who won the 1965 war?


The Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April and September 1965. This year marks the 54th anniversary of the war that both India and Pakistan claim to have won.

Who won 1971 war?


This year marks the 50th anniversary of India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war, which saw the creation of Bangladesh. India declared victory over Pakistan on December 16, 1971, after the Pakistani armed forces surrendered.

Who won 1948 war?


India gained control of about two-thirds of Kashmir; Pakistan, the remainder. Neutral assessments state India emerged victorious as it successfully defended most of the contested territory, including the Kashmir valley, Jammu, and Ladakh.

Who won 1965 war Wikipedia?


India won the war
The Indian army killed 3,800 Pakistanis and Pakistan army killed 3,000 Indian soldiers. Retired American diplomat Dennis Kux: “Although both sides lost heavily in men and material, and neither gained a decisive military advantage, India had the better of the war.

Who actually won the Kargil War?

The Indian soldiers had secured this victory after a three-month conflict that led to a loss of lives from both sides with the Indian side losing nearly 490 officers, soldiers, and jawans. In order to commemorate India’s win in the war, the Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated every year on July 26.

Is Pakistan won Kargil War?

Pakistan’s army won Kargil war militarily but did not win it diplomatically as well as politically. Indian diplomats exploited the conflict and went to get support from America, in which they succeeded.

Why did Pakistan lose Kargil?

Sensing a deteriorating military scenario, diplomatic isolation, and the risks of a larger conventional and nuclear war, Sharif ordered the Pakistani army to vacate the Kargil heights. He later claimed in his official biography that General Pervez Musharraf had moved nuclear warheads without informing him.

Why did Pakistan started Kargil War?

Why Kargil War took place in 1999? In 1999, the infiltration of the Pakistani Armed Forces into the Indian territory was codenamed “Operation Badr” with an aim to cut off links between Kashmir and Ladakh forcing India to negotiate a settlement of the Kashmir dispute.

How many wars did Pakistan won against India?

Since Independence in 1947, India and Pakistan have been in four wars, including one undeclared war, and many border skirmishes and military stand-offs.

How did Israel help India in Kargil War?

Israel said it was one of the few countries that had directly helped India during the Kargil War. The Israeli embassy said that during this war it had provided laser-guided missiles for the Mirage 2000 fighter planes of the Indian Air Force.

Why India did not cross LoC during Kargil War?

We lacked surveillance equipments and even helicopters were not capable of locating enemy locations. We were dependent on foot patrols”, he said. He also added that there was a complete intelligence failure and the then Atal Bihari Vajpayee government’s instructions not to cross the LoC added to the challenges.

Why airforce is not used in Kargil war?

With the high mountainous terrain and the pattern of enemy deployment, the air force could not, however, be as effective in causing large-scale destruction of enemy’s fighting positions, as in the plains.

Why Pakistan did not use air force in Kargil war?

“The Air Force was not used because there was the thinking that involving the Air Force would escalate the whole thing.” Several including Gogoi now say that the decision taken by the Indian Government to use Air Force in Kargil operations played an important role in the country’s ultimate victory.

What was the nickname given to make 27 during the Kargil war?


JODHPUR: Indian Air Forces’s “lethal” fighter aircraft Mig-27, which proved to be “ace attacker” during the 1999 Kargil war and earned nickname of ‘Bahadur’ from pilots, are all set to pass into the glorious history of country’s air force on Friday when their last squadron of seven planes will have its last sortie from …

What was the Pakistan code name for Kargil war?

This particular operation was given the codename Operation Safed Sagar. The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani troops—disguised as Kashmiri militants—into positions on the Indian side of the LoC, which serves as the de facto border between the two states in Kashmir.

Did India use air force in Kargil war?

After the meeting on 24 May of CCS at New Delhi, the Cabinet Committee on Security authorised the IAF to mount attacks on the infiltrators without crossing the LOC. Air Chief Marshal Tipnis immediately responded, and the air force launched its operation in Kargil War, with the code name of Operation Safed Sagar.

What is Operation Whitewash?

It was a highly confidential operation known by the codename “Operation whitewash” which involves the use of the Indian KALI project to melt the sloping ice to cause avalanches that look natural, and from here the name “Operation Whitewash” cropped up.

What was Operation Vijay?

Operation Vijay marks the day Indian armed forces(with armed action)freed Goa, Daman & Diu in 1961 following 450 years of Portuguese rule. In India, this action is referred to as the “Liberation of Goa”

How did Kargil war win?

While the 60-day long war resulted in the loss of several lives on both sides, India eventually won the war by regaining control of all the previously held territory, re-establishing the status quo ante-bellum.

Is Kashmir in North India?

The term North India has varying definitions. The Ministry of Home Affairs in its Northern Zonal Council Administrative division included the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan and Union Territories of Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.