Does Vietnamese government have an estimate of the number of civilians killed by US bombing in the northern part of the country?

How many civilians has the US killed Vietnam?

PAVN and VC losses were reported as 1.1 million dead and civilian deaths of Vietnamese on both sides totaled 2.0 million.



Total number of deaths.

US and allied military deaths 282,000
Civilian deaths (North and South Vietnam) 405,000–627,000
Total deaths 1,353,000

How many Vietnamese civilians were murdered at My Lai?

500

On March 16, 1968, a platoon of American soldiers brutally kills as many as 500 unarmed civilians at My Lai, one of a cluster of small villages located near the northern coast of South Vietnam. The crime, which was kept secret for nearly two years, later became known as the My Lai Massacre.

How many Vietnamese were killed after the US left?

Only the Americans have been defeated.” The Vietnam War was the longest and most unpopular foreign war in U.S. history and cost 58,000 American lives. As many as two million Vietnamese soldiers and civilians were killed.

How many Vietnam civilians died in Vietnam War?

two million Vietnamese civilians

While the US suffered more than 58,000 dead in the war, an estimated two million Vietnamese civilians were killed, another 5.3 million injured and about 11 million, by US government figures, became refugees in their own country.

What war had the most civilian casualties?

World War II

By far the most costly war in terms of human life was World War II (1939–45), in which the total number of fatalities, including battle deaths and civilians of all countries, is estimated to have been 56.4 million, assuming 26.6 million Soviet fatalities and 7.8 million Chinese civilians were killed.

Why are civilians targeted in wars?

He concludes that governments decide to target civilian populations for two main reasons—desperation to reduce their own military casualties or avert defeat, or a desire to seize and annex enemy territory.

What happened at My Lai during the Vietnam War?

The My Lai massacre was one of the most horrific incidents of violence committed against unarmed civilians during the Vietnam War. A company of American soldiers brutally killed most of the people—women, children and old men—in the village of My Lai on March 16, 1968.

What happened at the My Lai Massacre quizlet?

What was the My Lai Massacre and when was it? It was when the Americans approached a village called My Lai on the 16th of March 1968. Reports said the village was in a area controlled by the Vietcong. However they found no VC and killed anyone in their way, 500 died.

What was the reason for the My Lai Massacre?

William Calley and the soldiers of Charlie Company were directly responsible for the My Lai Massacre. Army commanders were indirectly responsible because they often ordered search and destroy missions like the mission to My Lai as part of their efforts to boost the “kill rate” that would be reported to Washington.

Can a soldier fight a civilian?

Whether you are a soldier or not, no one is “allowed” to assault another person. The punishment will be determined by who takes jurisdiction in bringing charges, which would be either the civilian or military police.

What happens to civilians in war?

Civilians, by and large, are neither trained in combat nor armed, and they are not authorized to kill except in SELF-DEFENSE. However, civilians do have families to feed, mortgages to pay, and jobs to perform, obligations that are not suspended during times of war.

Are civilians allowed to fight in war?

Civilians are protected against direct attack unless, and for such time, as they directly participate in hostilities. Parties to an armed conflict must take all feasible precautions in determining whether a person is a civilian and, if that is the case, whether he or she is directly participating in hostilities.

What has happened to Lt William Calley?

William L. Calley is found guilty of premeditated murder at My Lai by a U.S. Army court-martial at Fort Benning, Georgia. Calley, a platoon leader, had led his men in a massacre of Vietnamese civilians, including women and children, at My Lai 4, a cluster of hamlets in Quang Ngai Province on March 16, 1968.

How did the My Lai massacre affect public opinion?

The publicity surrounding the My Lai massacre proved to be an important turning point in American public opinion. It illustrated the deterioration that was taking place in the behaviour of the US troops and undermined the moral argument about the need to save Vietnam from the “evils of communism”.

Who exposed the My Lai massacre?

Ronald L. Ridenhour

Ronald L. Ridenhour, an infantryman-turned-journalist who seared the world’s conscience with the first public account of the slaughter of 500 Vietnamese villagers at My Lai, has died. He was 52.

What did the Pentagon Papers reveal to the American public?

The Pentagon Papers revealed that the U.S. had secretly enlarged the scope of its actions in the Vietnam War with coastal raids on North Vietnam and Marine Corps attacks—none of which were reported in the mainstream media.

What does Charlie Company mean?

Charlie Company is a halfway house for Vietnam War veterans located on a farm north of Ventura, California, roughly 40 miles from Los Angeles. The facility is operated by retired Colonel Gordon Scales. It houses 24 resident inmates at a time, thirty to forty per year, all veterans of Vietnam combat.

Why were the Vietcong such a difficult enemy to face during the Vietnam War?

The Vietcong had an intricate knowledge of the terrain. They won the hearts and minds of the South Vietnamese people by living in their villages and helping them with their everyday lives. Their tunnel systems, booby-traps and jungle cover meant they were difficult to defeat and hard to find.

Why was America unsuccessful in Vietnam?

There were a couple of reasons for this. First, the Americans were an invading force, and the Vietnamese were fighting on their own soil. Second, the Americans were not willing to make an all-out commitment to win. The second item is interesting to me.

Could the US have won the Vietnam War?

Quote from Youtube video:Place once dragged into the fight though had the u.s accepted the reality that any war is a total war it could have quickly and decisively defeated the north. Limited war does not work.

Who funded the Vietcong?

North Vietnam

Elections were planned to reunite the country within two years, but Diem, with U.S. approval, never submitted to a vote that he feared losing. Instead, a communist insurgency broke out, pitting the so-called Viet Cong, who were sponsored by North Vietnam, against Diem’s forces.

Who supported the Vietnam War in America?

North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States and other anti-communist allies. The war is widely considered to be a Cold War-era proxy war. It lasted almost 20 years, with direct U.S. involvement ending in 1973.

What did US soldiers call Vietnamese?

Victor Charlie

American soldiers referred to the Viet Cong as Victor Charlie or V-C. “Victor” and “Charlie” are both letters in the NATO phonetic alphabet. “Charlie” referred to communist forces in general, both Viet Cong and North Vietnamese.

Why were the Viet Cong so successful against the United States?

They were extremely successful because they had very good and vital knowledge of the forests and jungles and were able to protect their supplies from damage by using the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

Why did Americans fail to win the hearts and minds of the Vietnamese?

The most (in)famous use of a “hearts and minds” campaign by the United States came during Vietnam, and it failed as utterly as any other. Crucial factors were the disorganized nature of the war, local support for the Viet-Cong, and the difficulty in telling apart friend and foe.

Is there still Vietcong?

In 1976, the Viet Cong was disbanded after Vietnam was formally reunited under communist rule. The Viet Cong tried to create a popular uprising in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War with their 1968 Tet Offensive but were able to seize control of just a few small districts in the Mekong Delta region.

Why did the US find weapons like Agent Orange and napalm helpful when fighting the Vietcong?

Operation Trail Dust 1961



The Americans used chemical weapons Napalm (jellied petrol) and Agent Orange (superior strength weed killer). This was used to clear foliage in the jungle which was the natural hiding place for the Vietcong. They also wanted to see along the Ho Chi Minh Trail, the Vietcong’s supply route.

How many Vietnam veterans have died from Agent Orange?

400,000 people

Vietnam reports that some 400,000 people have suffered death or permanent injury from exposure to Agent Orange.

Is napalm a biological weapon?

Napalm is legal to use against combatants under international law, for example, while chemical and biological weapons in general are not.