Did the British Cabinet agree, at first, to send their expeditionary force to Amiens in August 1914?

Why was the British Expeditionary Force sent to France?

British Expeditionary Force (BEF), the home-based British army forces that went to northern France at the start of World Wars I and II in order to support the left wing of the French armies. The BEF originated in the army reform of 1908 sponsored by Richard Burdon (later Viscount) Haldane.

When was the British Expeditionary Force sent to France?

9 September 1939

The British Expeditionary Force, commanded by General Lord Gort, began arriving in France on 9 September 1939. It spent the next seven months training through a bitter winter in readiness for action. By May 1940, it had been built up to over 390,000 men.

Where did the British Expeditionary Force go to first?


The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the contingent of the British Army sent to France in 1939 after Britain and France declared war on Nazi Germany on 3 September, beginning the Second World War.

What happened on the 3rd of August 1914?

On the afternoon of August 3, 1914, two days after declaring war on Russia, Germany declares war on France, moving ahead with a long-held strategy, conceived by the former chief of staff of the German army, Alfred von Schlieffen, for a two-front war against France and Russia.

Why is it called expeditionary force?

The term “Expeditionary Force” sounds cool, as it evokes feelings of adventure and risk-taking in far-away places. Expeditionary forces are comprised of tough, competent men who travel light in remote areas, and rely on their wits to survive and win in unfamiliar environments.

Which regiments made up the British Expeditionary Force?

Commander Royal Artillery

  • 1st Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery.
  • 2nd Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery.
  • 4th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery.
  • 58th (Suffolk) Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery.
  • 61st (Caernarvon and Debigh Yeomanry) Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery.
  • 63rd (Midland) Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery.

In what Belgian city did the British Expeditionary Force first engage German troops in August 1914?


Battle of Mons, (August 23, 1914) engagement between the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the German army at Mons, Belgium, during the Battle of the Frontiers in the opening weeks of World War I.

What resulted after the British Expeditionary Force were sent to the Dardanelles Strait?

The failure of the campaign at the Dardanelles and at Gallipoli resulted in heavy casualties—approximately 205,000 for the British Empire and 47,000 for the French (there were also 250,000 Turkish casualties)—and was a serious blow to the reputation of the Allied war command, including that of Churchill, who resigned …

How big was the British Expeditionary Force in 1914?

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the six-divisions the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

British Expeditionary Force
Branch British army
Type Army
Size 247,400 (1914–1915) 2.04 million (1916–1918)
Nickname(s) BEF

How successful was the British Expeditionary Force BEF )?

But despite being heavily outnumbered, this small force, including many men from the West Midlands, played a vital role in stopping the seemingly overwhelming the German advance across Belgium and into France. Small in size compared with the much larger armies of France and Germany, the BEF was highly effective.

What was the British Expeditionary Force ww2?

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British force in Europe from 1939–1940 during the Second World War. Commanded by General Lord Gort, the BEF constituted one-tenth of the defending Allied force.

When were tanks first used in battle?

15 September 1916

Tanks were used in battle for the first time, by the British, on 15 September 1916 at Flers-Courcelette during the Battle of the Somme.

What did the BEF try to do at Ypres in 1914?

It was the climactic fight of the “Race to the Sea,” an attempt by the German army to break through Allied lines and capture French ports on the English Channel which opened access to the North Sea and beyond.

Where did the only large scale clash of the British and German fleets take place?

Battle of Jutland

Battle of Jutland, also called Battle of the Skagerrak, (May 31–June 1, 1916), the only major encounter between the main British and German battle fleets in World War I, fought near the Skagerrak, an arm of the North Sea, about 60 miles (97 km) off the west coast of Jutland (Denmark).

Who won the 1st Battle of Ypres?

A German assault at Langemarck, north of Ypres, was checked, but a French counterattack on October 24 yielded little result. Thus, the first phase of the battle ended with the French holding the northern half of a semicircle east of Ypres and the British occupying the southern half.

What started the first battle of Ypres?

On October 19, 1914, near the Belgian city of Ypres, Allied and German forces begin the first of what would be three battles to control the city and its advantageous positions on the north coast of Belgium during the First World War.

Why was the first battle of Ypres?

The First Battle of Ypres, was very significant because it witnessed the destruction of the experienced British regular army, which was later replaced by a mass conscripted army to match its allies and enemies. Fighting around the Ypres salient resumed in April 1915 with the Second Battle of Ypres.

What was the aim of the battle of Ypres?

The Germans’ intent was to cloak the transportation of divisions to Russia for a new drive in Galicia and to shorten their line in the West by reducing the Allies’ salient at Ypres.

Why was the Battle of Ypres important to Canada?

Four Canadians won the Victoria Cross, while countless other acts of bravery occurred through the division. Fighting with great resilience against incredible odds, the Canadians suffered great losses, and the horrific events at the Second Battle of Ypres inspired what became Canada’s best known war poem.

Did Canada fought in the first battle of Ypres?

Canadians move to the front. In the first week of April 1915, the Canadian troops were moved from their quiet sector to a bulge in the Allied line in front of the City of Ypres. This was the famed—or notorious—Ypres Salient, where the British and Allied line pushed into the German line in a concave bend.

Was the Battle of Ypres a success?

The situation was saved by Canadian troops who used handkerchiefs soaked in urine as gas masks and launched a counter-attack on the Germans. It was successful and the Germans lost the gains they had made.

How many Canadians died in the first battle of Ypres?

Eventually the Canadians were forced back. They suffered more than 6,000 casualties. It was a horrible introduction to war on the front, but the Canadians had proven they could hold their own in the face of a devastating attack.

Who won 2nd Battle of Ypres?

the Germans

The Second Battle of Ypres ended on May 25, with insignificant gains for the Germans. The introduction of poison gas, however, would have great significance in World War I.

Did Canada win the Battle of Somme?

Although slow, plodding and difficult to move, the large and imposing tanks were an effective psychological weapon against the Germans. Courcelette was captured by the Canadian Corps on the first day of the assault, a rare Allied victory on the Somme, at the cost of several thousand Canadians casualties.

What happened in the race to the sea in 1914?

It refers to the confused struggle between the German and Franco-British Armies in the months of September and October 1914 on the plains of Northern France after the defeat of the German Army on the river Marne and its subsequent withdrawal to the river Aisne.

Which Battle took place at the sea?

The Battle of Leyte Gulf was the biggest and most multifaceted naval battle in history. It involved hundreds of ships, nearly 200,000 participants, and spanned more than 100,000 square miles. Some of the largest and most powerful ships ever built were sunk, and thousands of men went to the bottom of the sea with them.

What was the reason for the race to the sea?

As stated above, the Race to the Sea was the result of the German failure to capture Paris as part of the Schlieffen Plan. As well, it led to the stalemate on the Western Front, which resulted in years of trench warfare and bloody conflict.