Did Machimoi fight in Phalanx formation?

In the Ptolemaic army the Graeco-Macedonian troops formed the phalanx. But Ptolemy IV Philopator and his ministers reformed the army in order to keep up manpower by allowing the native Egyptian warrior class, the Machimoi, into the phalanx.

Did Egyptians use phalanx?

Ancient Egyptian infantry were known to have employed similar formations. The first usage of the term phalanx comes from Homer’s “φαλαγξ”, used to describe hoplites fighting in an organized battle line.

Who invented the hoplite phalanx?

Philip II enhanced the phalanx formation by introducing the idea of the ‘professional soldier’ to Macedon. The Greek hoplite soldier provided his own weapon (a seven- or eight-foot spear known as a doru) and shield as well as a breastplate, helmet, and greaves.

Did the Spartans use the phalanx?

Spartan Military Innovations. The hoplite phalanx, however, consisted of specially-armed infantry. They all wore bronze body armor, helmets, bronze shin guards, and all carried shields.

Why was the phalanx abandoned?

The assumption behind this question is that Rome initially used the hoplite phalanx in battle, but eventually abandoned it in favour of deployment in maniples, which were supposedly better suited for the hilly Italian countryside.

How did hoplites fight?

Individual hoplites carried their shields on their left arm, protecting themselves and the soldier to the left. This meant that the men at the extreme right of the phalanx were only half-protected. In battle, opposing phalanxes would exploit this weakness by attempting to overlap the enemy’s right flank.

What was the Spartan fighting formation called?

phalanx formation

The Spartans’ constant military drilling and discipline made them skilled at the ancient Greek style of fighting in a phalanx formation. In the phalanx, the army worked as a unit in a close, deep formation, and made coordinated mass maneuvers.

What was the Greek fighting formation called?

phalanx

phalanx, in military science, tactical formation consisting of a block of heavily armed infantry standing shoulder to shoulder in files several ranks deep. Fully developed by the ancient Greeks, it survived in modified form into the gunpowder era and is viewed today as the beginning of European military development.

Who came up with the phalanx?

The word phalanx comes from the Greeks, though they were not the only ones who used this formation. The Greek term literally means “log” and was used for both this line of battle and for a bone in a finger or toe. The word and its senses passed into Latin and then were adopted into English in the 16th century.

How did the Spartan phalanx work?


The Phalanx was the main military formation. Used by the Greek or Hellenic armies. Having been created around 700 BC it was regarded as a form of heavy infantry. And his soldiers were known as

How heavy was a Spartan spear?

2 to 4 pounds

“The primary weapon of the hoplite, the dory spear was 7 to 9 feet in length, weighing 2 to 4 pounds, having a two inch diameter wooden handle, and tipped with an iron spearhead on one end and another iron tip on the other.

Who had a stronger navy Athens or Sparta?

Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.

Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?

Spartans had to prove their fitness even as infants.



The ancient historian Plutarch claimed these “ill-born” Spartan babies were tossed into a chasm at the foot of Mount Taygetus, but most historians now dismiss this as a myth.

Was Athens more advanced than Sparta?

Athens was better than Sparta because, it had a better government, education system, and had more cultural achievements. One element of Athens that made it the better city-state was the government.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

460 to 446 and from 431 to 404 BCE. With battles at home and abroad, the long and complex conflict was damaging to both sides. Sparta, with financial help from Persia, finally won the conflict by destroying the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami in 405 BCE.

Why did Sparta beat Athens?

The Spartans were jealous of the Athenians because the politician and general tasked with leading the Delian League — a coalition of a number of Greek city-states to protect Greece from the Persians — was Athenian, not Spartan.

Did Alexander conquer Sparta?

Alexander’s regent Antipater led the Macedonians to victory over King Agis III.



Battle of Megalopolis
Date 331 BC Location Megalopolis37.4011°N 22.1422°E Result Macedonian victory
Belligerents
Macedon Sparta
Commanders and leaders

Did Romans ever fight Spartans?

The Romans and their allies then advanced upon Sellasia not far north of Sparta. The Romans were defeated in a small battle and they retreated. The Romans then won another battle against the Spartans and forced them to retreat into the city.

Is Napoleon better than Alexander the Great?

Alexander the Great (356 bc-323 bc).



Tutored by Aristotle at a young age, he became king after his father, Phillip II, was assassinated. While he never officially ranked the seven commanders, Napoleon himself, along with many other historians, seemed to consider Alexander the best.

Does the Spartan bloodline still exist?

The Maniots (inhabitants of the Mani Peninsula) therefore are considered direct descendants of Spartans. Almost three thousand years ago, Greece consisted of multiple ‘polis’ that were mostly controlled by Sparta. Spartans, as depicted in the 2006 movie 300, were highly trained fighters.

Did Sparta ever lose a war?

The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.

Why did Sparta only have 300?

The Spartans may have only sent 300, not because of the Olympics or Carneia, but because they didn’t wish to defend so far north, although it does seem unusual they would have sent a King if so.

What is current day Sparta?

Modern day Sparta, the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, lies on the eastern foothills of Mount Taygetos in the Evrotas River valley. The city has been built upon the site of ancient Sparta, whose Acropolis lies north of the modern city.

Is 300 a true story?

Like the comic book, the “300” takes inspirations from the real Battle of Thermopylae and the events that took place in the year of 480 BC in ancient Greece. An epic movie for an epic historical event. However, how close was the movie to the actual events and characters?

How do I become a Spartan?

Spartan isn’t just a race.



Spartan Soldier Bootcamp: Learn the Basics

  1. Do hard things. You won’t remember the easy times. …
  2. Life is a class—don’t skip. Your attitude, not your aptitude, decides your altitude. …
  3. Decide who you want to be. …
  4. Embrace discomfort. …
  5. Don’t delude yourself. …
  6. Wake up early. …
  7. Eat healthily. …
  8. Train daily.

Did Spartans defeat Xerxes?

The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.

How much of 300 is true?

The film 300 is an adaptation of a comic book based on historical events, but it makes no pretense of being historically accurate. However, the battle of Thermopylae was a real event, with 300 Spartans at the center of the story.

How many did 300 Spartans fight?

Battle of Thermopylae



In the late summer of 480 B.C., Leonidas led an army of 6,000 to 7,000 Greeks from many city-states, including 300 Spartans, in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae.