Did French Seamen Join the US Merchant Marine in WWII?

How do I find Merchant Marine records?

The public can access these records in two ways: through a request made via an offsite reference request (with reproduction provided for a fee), or via onsite viewing at the National Archives at St. Louis Research Room. The collection opened to the public on December 2, 2019.

Did merchant Marines fight in ww2?

The United States Merchant Marine provided the greatest sealift in history between the production army at home and the fighting forces scattered around the globe in World War II. The prewar total of 55,000 experienced mariners was increased to over 215,000 through U.S. Maritime Service training programs.

What is the difference between Marines and merchant Marines?

The merchant marines are not a part of the military. Some of them work on ships that support the U.S. Navy, but aren’t active members of the military. The Merchant Marine receives support from the U.S. Maritime Administration, an agency of the Department of Transportation.

Why were the merchant marines called the unsung heroes of WWII?

Merchant mariners were the supply line that provided virtually everything Allied armies needed in order to survive and fight on foreign battlefields.

Is a merchant marine considered a veteran?

Summary. Although merchant mariners have supported the Armed Forces in every war fought by the United States, they generally are not considered veterans for the purpose of eligibility for federal benefits.

Can a merchant marine be buried in a national cemetery?

For Merchant Marines to receive burial benefits and National Cemetery internment, they must meet specific criteria, much like receiving full veterans benefits. For Merchant Marines to receive these benefits, they must have served between August 16, 1945, and December 31, 1946, serving as a crew member.

What did the merchant marines do in WWII?

The mariners—or private seamen whom the US government could use for defense measures during times of conflict—supplied Allied operations in all theaters of the war with troops and crucial supplies including fuel and ammunition, “never knowing when a torpedo might smash the hull above [them] and send thousands of tons …

Are Merchant Marines still around?

Yes, it still exists. No, they aren’t military. And, heck no, don’t ever call them “Merchant Marines”! Anyone working with veterans quickly learns two things: don’t forget to include the Coast Guard, and don’t forget to include the Merchant Marine, especially when talking about World War II.

How many merchant marines were killed in World War II?

Approximately 8,000 to 12,000 Merchant Marine sailors were killed. A ship sinks during World War II. And the situations during the sinkings were terrifying.

Do Merchant Marines get pensions?

You can receive this pension at any age. To receive this pension you must have credit for at least 4,380 days of service with at least 125 days of this service in the year before you apply for pension. that must be credited under the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act.

Do Merchant Marines get a DD214?

Application for Merchant Marine Veteran Status DD214

Check with the Veterans Administration for medical and other benefits. Mariner or survivor should complete the following steps and mail to the proper address: Complete Form DD2168. Supply as much information as possible.

Can a second wife be buried in a national cemetery?

(1) The spouse, surviving spouse or dependent of an eligible Veteran or member of the Armed Forces may be eligible for interment in a national cemetery even if that Veteran is not buried or memorialized in a national cemetery.

Do Merchant Marines qualify for USAA?

USAA membership is open to all who are serving or have honorably served our nation in the U.S. military, and their eligible family members.

Do Merchant Marines carry weapons?

“As merchant vessels, we do not carry arms. We have ways to push back, but we do not carry arms.” Some shipping companies, though, are moving beyond basic security training to include weapons instruction and other active defensive measures.

How long do Merchant Marines stay at sea?

Some have been at sea for as long as 20 months, though 11 months is the maximum time allowed by the ILO Maritime Labour Convention.

How much does a captain in the Merchant Marines make?

Salary Ranges for Merchant Mariner Captains

The salaries of Merchant Mariner Captains in the US range from $76,277 to $109,384 , with a median salary of $85,950 . The middle 57% of Merchant Mariner Captains makes between $85,950 and $93,649, with the top 86% making $109,384.

How much money do merchant marines make?

$53,955 a year

As of Apr 23, 2022, the average annual pay for the Merchant Marine jobs category in the United States is $53,955 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $25.94 an hour. This is the equivalent of $1,038/week or $4,496/month.

How long does it take to become a Merchant Marine?

How Long Does It Take to Become a Merchant Seaman? It usually takes a period of nearly two years which involves 26 weeks of classroom education and 360 days of sea time.

How hard is the Merchant Marine Academy?

With a GPA of 3.6, United States Merchant Marine Academy requires you to be above average in your high school class. You’ll need at least a mix of A’s and B’s, with more A’s than B’s. You can compensate for a lower GPA with harder classes, like AP or IB classes.

What is the age limit for merchant Marines?

To be eligible to enter the Academy, you must: Be at least 17 years of age and must not have passed your 25th birthday before July 1 in the year of entrance.

Can I join the Merchant Navy at 40?

Am I too old to join? Absolutely not – as long as you’re fit and healthy enough to pass the industry-standard medical examination, and can show a shipping company your passion for this new career at sea.

What are the qualifications for merchant Marines?

Career Requirements

Degree Bachelor’s degree for officers; none for entry level mariners
Requirements Between age 17-25; Congressional letter of recommendation; (for officers) drug free; pass background test; U.S. citizen
Licensing Transportation Workers Identification Cards; Merchant Marine Credential

Do merchant Marines have ranks?

Left to right: Rear Admiral (lower half), Captain, Commander, Lieutenant Commander, Lieutenant, Lieutenant (Junior Grade), Ensign, Chief Warrant, Warrant Officer.

Does Canada have a Merchant Marine?

Canada, like several other Commonwealth nations, created the Canadian Merchant Navy in a large-scale effort during World War II. 184 ships are involved in merchant shipping activity in the Canadian shipping industry.

Who is second in command on a ship?

Chief Mate

Chief Mate (First Officer/Chief Officer/First Mate)
The Chief Mate is the second in command. As such, the Chief Mate is responsible for all deck operations and for applying the company’s procedures and regulations to both the equipment and the crew. The Chief Mate is also responsible for a Watch.