Cultural understanding of Penelope’s suitors

What are the cultural values in The Odyssey?

In The Odyssey by Homer, loyalty, courage, and trickery are displayed throughout the book in a positive manner, showing that they are the Greek’s cultural values.

What does The Odyssey teach us about Greek culture?

The Odyssey teaches us that Ancient Greek belief and culture all depended on fate, power in society, and believing in many gods. Fate lead odysseus and his family getting back together, and in for the greeks that sometimes you can do all you can and still not get what you wanted.

What social ritual does Penelope use to resolve the problem of the suitors?

Penelope said that she could not marry until she completed weaving her dead husband’s shroud. She wove the shroud by day and unraveled it each night.

What is Penelope’s deception of the suitors?

Many suitors had come to woo “the widow”. She put them off with a ruse, persuading them to wait until she had finished a funeral shroud for Laertes, Odysseus’s father, which she wove by day and secretly unravelled by night. In this way she managed to deceive them for three years.

What is Odysseus cultural significance?

Odysseus, as an epic hero of Greek culture, has an obligation to carry out acts of justice. Homer conveys the importance of the Greek value of justice when Odysseus says, “’Therefore no man should ever disregard justice…’”(228-229).

What are values in culture?

Cultural values are the core principles and ideals upon which an entire community exists. This is made up of several parts: customs, which are traditions and rituals; values, which are beliefs; and culture, which is all of a group’s guiding values.

What is Greek culture known for?

Key Points. Ancient Greek culture is noted for its government, art, architecture, philosophy, and sports, all of which became foundations for modern western society. It was admired and adopted by others, including Alexander the Great and the Romans, who helped spread Greek culture around the world.

What does The Odyssey say about society?

The most important value at the core of The Odyssey is hospitality, a social custom common to nearly all pre-modern societies and essential to ancient Greek social structure. Hospitality, also called “guest-friendship,” was a social ritual expected of men in the Greek world.

How does the concept of xenia affect our understanding of the journey of the hero in The Odyssey?

Perhaps, then, xenia plays a role in allowing Odysseus to shed his disguise during his return home and when he is prepared to fight the suitors. Indeed, the plot of The Odyssey establishes a positive connection between recognition and the observance of hospitality.

What are cultural beliefs?

Cultural beliefs are beliefs that are learned and shared across groups of people. Because the amount of information in a culture is too large for any one individual to master, individuals know different subsets of the cultural knowledge and thus can vary in their cultural competence.

What are 5 examples of culture?

The following are illustrative examples of traditional culture.

  • Norms. Norms are informal, unwritten rules that govern social behaviors. …
  • Languages. …
  • Festivals. …
  • Rituals & Ceremony. …
  • Holidays. …
  • Pastimes. …
  • Food. …
  • Architecture.

What are some examples of cultural values?

The examples of it are morals, rules, values, languages, beliefs, arts, literature, music, social roles, customs, traditions and many more.

What are some cultural norms in Greece?

Dining and Entertainment

  • Arrive at least 30 minutes late for a dinner party. …
  • Greeks are extremely generous hosts.
  • Greeks may share the bill with the host, but a foreigner should not try to do so. …
  • Eat everything on your plate. …
  • Eat more, stay longer or do whatever a host insists upon. …
  • Try to join in Greek dances.

What is unique about Greek culture?

Wonderful regional traditions, religion, music, language, food and wine, are the major composites of the culture in mainland Greece and of the Greek islands creating an incomparable cultural base for everyone wishing to visit and understand contemporary Greece.

What is Greek like culture called?

When most English speakers say “Greek” today, they mean the people and culture associated with the modern nation-state of Greece. “Hellenism”, however, is something bigger. From ancient times, the language, culture, and values of the Hellenes has significantly impacted the world.

How has Greek mythology influenced our culture today?

Greek mythology has been used in nearly every form of popular culture. Many Greek myths have been adapted into modern novels, movies, TV shows and video games. The word “theatre” is derived from the Greek word “theatron”, meaning the seating section of outdoor arenas where people watched plays.

Do you think Greek culture is a great culture?

The Greeks were great thinkers, warriors, writers, actors, athletes, artists, architects, and politicians. The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama.

How does Greek culture influence us today?

How Have The Ancient Greeks Influenced Our Modern Day Society? Several of the Olympic games and sports of ancient Greece have had a major impact in the modern world. Philosophies, mathematics, arts, architecture, sports, and government of Ancient Greece influenced modern day society and culture profoundly.

What was one cultural contribution made by the ancient Greeks?

The Greeks made important contributions to philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. Literature and theatre was an important aspect of Greek culture and influenced modern drama. The Greeks were known for their sophisticated sculpture and architecture.

What can Delphi add to our understanding of ancient Greek culture?

Delphi was an important ancient Greek religious sanctuary sacred to the god Apollo. Located on Mt. Parnassus near the Gulf of Corinth, it was home to the famous oracle of Apollo which gave cryptic predictions and guidance to both city-states and individuals.

How do you think the culture and values shared by the Greeks both united and divided them?

How do you think the culture and values shared by Greeks both united and divided them? The Greeks inability to decide on a permanent government system affected their strength and unity so they were liable to be conquered, but they had strong beliefs in their gods which brought them together.

Which cultures participated in the Trojan War?

Trojan War

  • The Trojan War was fought between Greeks and the defenders of the city of Troy in Anatolia sometime in the late Bronze Age. …
  • The Trojan War has defined and shaped the way ancient Greek culture has been viewed right up to the 21st century CE.

Why do you think the Minoans and Mycenaeans absorbed ideas customs and skills from other cultures?

Why do you think the Minoans and Mycenaeans absorbed ideas, customs, and skills from other cultures? Minoans and Mycenaeans may well have learned that other cultures already had found convenient, useful, or pleasant ways to approach and solve common problems or to increase the quality of their lives.

What is ancient Greek culture?

ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 bce, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 bce. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization.

What cultures influenced Greek mythology?

It is likely that Greek myths evolved from stories told in the Minoan civilization of Crete, which flourished from about 3000 to 1100 BCE.

What were the two earliest cultures in Greece?

The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two of the early civilizations that developed in Greece. The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built a huge palace on the island of Crete. The Mycenaeans lived mostly on mainland Greece and were the first people to speak the Greek language.

How is Greek culture still alive today?

The culture of Greece was evolved over thousands of years, and is widely considered to be the cradle of modern Western culture. This is because political systems and procedures such as democracy, trial by jury and lawful equality originated there.

What race are Greeks?

The Greeks or Hellenes (/ˈhɛliːnz/; Greek: Έλληνες, Éllines [ˈelines]) are an ethnic group and nation indigenous to the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions, namely Greece, Cyprus, Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.

Is Greece real?

Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin, featuring thousands of islands. The country consists of nine traditional geographic regions, and has a population of approximately 10.7 million. Athens is the nation’s capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.

Who was the ugliest god?


Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.

Is Zeus still a God?

Zeus is the god of the sky in ancient Greek mythology. As the chief Greek deity, Zeus is considered the ruler, protector, and father of all gods and humans. Zeus is often depicted as an older man with a beard and is represented by symbols such as the lightning bolt and the eagle.